https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_.amaterasu._

Struggling..

Alright. So I need help understanding how and when to use kein, keine, keinen, nicht and nichts. Thank you very much <3

December 8, 2016

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WILearner

You use "kein" and its various forms (they use the same adjective endings as "ein") to negate nouns and "nicht" (without any endings) to negate verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. "Nichts" is a noun that means "nothing". Typically "kein" goes right before the noun it negates, and "nicht" goes right before any adverb or adjective that it negates. However, "nicht" will usually go at the end (or as close as it can) of a sentence if it negates the verb. Finally, if you just want to say "No" instead of "Yes", you use "Nein".

Here is a good reference to learn more: http://easy-deutsch.de/en/sentences/negation/

And here is a good beginner video on the topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJYb4L7S6vw

Hopefully this helps!

December 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_.amaterasu._

Thank you! This really helped! Have a lingot

December 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/inbarggg

I think you can use those both ways to express the same thing, like:

Es gibt kein Essen

Es gibt Essen nicht.

Is that right?

December 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Badenser

Nope - first one is right, second one is flawed.

You could say "Es gibt nichts zu essen" but this has a slightly different meaning (there is nothing to eat) and this time, essen is used as a verb.

December 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/inbarggg

Oh okay. thanks!

December 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Badenser

I guess you use "kein" with a noun - kein Bier, keine Gabel, keinen Salat ... and "nicht" with a verb - ich esse nicht, ich will nichts trinken, ich schlafe nicht

December 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WILearner

This must be a really good video for you to post the link after I had already posted it. :)

December 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lil-appleblossom

Ohh sorry, I hadn't seen it. It is indeed a very easy explanation of it :)

December 9, 2016
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