"Philosophy teaches us to see the world like a bat."
Translation:Triết học dạy chúng tôi nhìn thế giới như một con dơi.
My understanding was that it's based on the idea of some philsophers that universal truths can be discovered through logical reasoning, and not to rely on our sensory perception to deduce the nature of reality. A bat is blind Hence, view the world as a bat. I guess?!
Maybe Thomas Nagel can tell you more about that: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Is_it_Like_to_Be_a_Bat%3F