"The woman is drinking the water."
Translation:Die Frau trinkt das Wasser.
Checking its gender. If you hold your cursor above the word here in duolingo webiste, it says if it is masculine, feminine or neuter.
I've heard there are some tips about the ending of a noun, then you can identify which gender it is, but I'm not really sure how this is applied.
As a Hebrew speaker, we also have differences in gender for nouns. It is absolutely arbitrary, and I was told it's the same way in German. Also, the gender of the words between the languages are rather the same. Use your own logic to remember the words, there must be some hidden somewhere.
In the examples we've seen so far, 'den' is used on masculine objects like 'der Apfel' when the object is directly receiving an action like 'eats' (e.g. He eats the apple, or, Er isst den Apfel). These are accusative objects. So masculine accusative objects 'der' become 'den' - the object is 'der Apfel,' when it's being eaten by someone, it's 'den Apfel.' At least that's my understanding.
"The woman is drinking water" is a slightly different sentence from "the woman is drinking the water." With no article, the woman can be drinking any water from anywhere. With the article "the," the woman is drinking a specific unit of water. The (tap)water, the (cup of) water, the water (from the well), etc.
'sie' (with a lower case 's') can mean 'they,' 'them' and 'she.' With a capital 'S' (except as the first word of a sentence) it is the formal form of 'you.' (If it's the first word of the sentence, it will always be capitalized and the meaning is determined by the context.) 'Die' usually means 'the,' but can also be used to mean 'she,' 'it,' 'that' or 'which' (but that's it being used as a relative pronoun, which I wouldn't worry about if you are just starting).
"The woman is drinking water" is a different sentence from "the woman is drinking the water." When you add the definite article, it makes it so you are referring to a specific source of water (water from the bottle or the tap) instead of just water in general (with no article).
Nope; "das" is for neuter nouns. If it were masculine it would be "der Wasser"