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https://www.duolingo.com/mick58sic

The word 'and' in Spanish

The letter 'y' and 'e' both mean 'and' in Spanish. Can anyone help me and tell me when to use them correctly in a sentence please. Why do you use 'y' instead of 'e' in sentences?

Thanks everyone :)

4 years ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/RutFok
RutFok
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You use the 'e' when the following word starts with an i, y or hi. For example hijos e hijas. This because the 'y' sounds (almost) the same as the i, y or hi and could cause confusion.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mick58sic

Thank you for your help. That's great :)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/arismartin

Normally we use the word y, but if the first character of the next word starts with i or h mute, we use e.

Marzo y abril

Cielo e infierno

Geografía e historia (h mute)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mick58sic

Thank you for help. Helps me a lot :)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/arismartin

Well, there is nothing easy in the life...

Exception... If the accent prosodic of the first syllable fall in a letter more heavy, we use y.

Hielo... hiElo. Because the letter e domain the sound there is no cacophony and...

Agua y hielo

Hierro... hiErro

Madera y hierro

Iodo.... iOdo

Bromo y iodo

Here the pronunciation sounds as "yelo" "yerro" "yodo"... As "ye" of yellow.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RutFok
RutFok
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I hate exceptions in languages;) Unfortunately there are lots of them.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/arismartin

There is another similar case... O and u.

If the first letter of the next word starts o, the conjunction o changes to u...

Esta casa o otra... Incorrect.

Esta casa u otra... Correct.

Minutos o horas... Incorrect.

Minutos u horas.

H is ALWAYS mute at first of word in Spanish language... Nobody knows why remains in the idiom... It is an historic affaire... Sure.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SantiagoBr.

Español

Nosotros ( y digo yo que porque soy de Argentina) Utilizamos esta letra "h", la "letra muda", para conocer los orígenes de la palabra.

El español es un lenguaje que proviene del latín y la mayoría de las veces la "H" española es la transformación de la "F" del Latín.

El gran ejemplo es: Hierro

Español: Hierro Latín: Ferrum

Ambos significan hierro.

El F se transformó en una H.

Idioma cruza cuando el Imperio romano avanzó a otras colonias

Una palabra interesante es: Ferretería (ferretería)

¿Por qué no es "Herreteria"? Porque en este caso Ferretería utilizar la "F" de Ferrum y es una palabra que viene directamente del latín "Ferrum" y no del español "Hierro".

Como usted dice antes, es todo acerca de un romance histórico.

Espero que esto explique un poco por qué usamos esta "letra muda", y tal vez en el futuro, esta letra valla a morir.

English

We (i say we because i'm a from Argentina) use this letter "h", the "mute letter", to know the origins of the word.

The spanish is a lenguage that comes from the Latin and most of the times the spanish's "H" is the transformation of the "F" from the Latin.

The great example is: Hierro

Spanish: Hierro Latin: Ferrum

both mean iron.

The F was transformed in an H.

Language Crosses when the Roman Empire advanced to other colonies

An interesting word is: Ferreteria (ironmongery)

Why is not "Herreteria"? Because in this case Ferreteria use the "F" of Ferrum and is a word that comes directly from the latin "Ferrum" and not from the spanish "Hierro".

Like you say before, Is all about an historic affaire.

I hope this explain a little why we use this "mute letter" and perhaps in the future this letter gonna died.

4 years ago