Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

"Tu îi dai un cățel acestui băiat."

Translation:You give this boy a puppy.

1 year ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ArguingInElvish

Can "You give a puppy to this boy." work with this structure or would it change things?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

Those are precisely the same in English. You should definitely report that and they should definitely accept it.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

So, when you have a specific noun in the dative like that, does it always have to be doubled with a dative pronoun, or does the pronoun just add emphasis?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schattenparker

My theories below may still be valid, but I finally found a direct answer in that other comment

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/24304566 (Luchtmens/Adrian P. would know)

The short pronouns are required for accusative persons (îl văd pe tatăl), and they are used optionally but customarily in order to sound less formal with dative persons ([îi] dau tatălui).

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/potestasity
potestasity
  • 21
  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 6

"îi" is mandatory, if that's the pronoun you're referring to.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

Then I am even more confused. I just had a "choose all the valid sentences" question at the end of this lesson that counted me off for only choosing a translation of the sentence "The boys read to the men" that included the "le" that doubled "bărbaților" and not also choosing a sentence that omitted the "le."

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schattenparker

I haven't got anwers on the same question elsewhere but I suspect now, that the short form pronouns are mandatory with accusative only and can be omitted with dative ... (??)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

That sounds like what we have seen here. Thanks for pointing it out.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schattenparker

No, verbs are transitive and require accusative, but apparently nouns that represent persons are not accepted as accusative objects, hence the workaround with "pe" and the need for the accusative pronoun.

But this is only my quirky reasoning, I'm no grammar scholar. It just occured to me, that direct objects of transitive verbs wouldn't accept prepositions like "pe" (Latin "per"?). So, if "văd Maria" won't do for some reason, "văd pe Maria" leaves the transitive verb incomplete, requiring "o văd pe Maria". Spanish has a similar issue, but I forgot if they need a pronoun in addition to "a Maria"...

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schattenparker

My personal theory is that for transitive verbs "pe ..." is not a proper direct (accusative) object, just a prepositional complement, like when I say "I see in all your glory" - the direct object "you" is missing, and "see" would become intransitive, as in "yeah, I see."

Dative, on the other hand is not even necessary to make the verb complete: "I give a puppy" doesn't need the dative boy as a receiver to make the transitive verb (I give sth.) grammarwise complete - but we need the accusative puppy!

Maybe Romanians use the short dative pronouns only because they are used to them from accusative sentences, even when they are not really necessary?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

So, then, no Romanian verbs would be truly transitive (save a few, like to have)?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jake_78343

Why is it "acestui" and not "acesta"? I thought "acesta" means this and "acestui" means its?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schattenparker

Here it is dative (acestui = to this) and not genetive (acestui = of this), but in no way it is nominative or accusative (acest = this). With acestui as demonstrative pronoun, băiat doesn't need an article (-ului) anymore, but is still dative (just happens to look the same as nom/acc băiat without the article).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamesTWils
JamesTWils
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 1177

So, just to clarify, if this is the first language with cases you have looked at, each noun, adjective, and pronoun has several forms. "Acesta" can be either the nominative form (the subject of the verb) or the accusative form (the direct object of the verb). "Acestui" is either the genitive form (generally, OF the thing, often used in possessive, as "its") or the dative form (TO the thing, often the indirect object of a verb). A Romanian word, apparently, can also have a separate vocative form, which would indicate that the thing was being directly spoken to, e.g. "How are you, Jake?" German has even fewer cases, but it you are interested in Czech or Russian or, God help you, Hungarian, Turkish, or Finnish, you will have to deal with even more such cases, as these forms are called. The whole system of the cases is called declension.

1 year ago