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Luxembourgish Lessons #9: Attributive Adjectives and the Definite Emphatic

Welcome to number nine of the Luxembourgish lessons. Back in lesson three, I discussed predicate adjectives, which underwent no changes whatsoever. Time to add a little more on the topic of adjectives.

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Inflection

The last time I talked about adjectives, it was about predicate adjectives- adjectives that refer back to the subject and do not inflect. For example:

  • D'Haus ass reng "The house is clean"
  • D'Haiser si reng "The houses are clean", etc.

However, attributive adjectives (adjectives that immediately precede the noun it modifies) are inflected based on case, gender, and number. For example

  • D'Haus ass reng "The house is clean
  • E rengt Haus "A clean house"

Any adjective describing the noun must carry the corresponding inflection:

  • D'Haus ass reng a grouss "The house is clean and big"
  • E rengt a grousst Haus "A clean and big house"

Here is a chart listing all the possible adjective inflections:

The Definite Emphatic

When an inflected adjective occurs between the modified noun and a definite article, instead of using the normal definite articles, Luxembourgish uses definite emphatic articles. For example:

  • D'Haus ass reng "The house is clean"
  • .Dat rengt Haus "The clean house"

Here is a chart listing all the definite emphatic articles:


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December 21, 2016

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