https://www.duolingo.com/malchikrene

RUSSIAN VERBS AND THEIR REQUIRED CASE(dativee, accusative,genitive, etc.

malchikrene
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Russian verbs require a case such as the verb стать requires instrumental, читать takes accusatve but sometimes they take kind of double cases for example, мама читает папе книгу. книгу is in accusative.
папе is in dative. what I like to know is where can find a page or book which gives me all that information about cases and verbs, I found a list but it's not enough.

http://masterrussian.net/f15/list-verbs-require-dative-genitive-instrumental-case-20791/ most of the dictionaries I have found just provide conjugations and stuff but they don't tell you which is the case that the verb takes.

1 year ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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With Slavic languages and verbs that use different cases, it's easier to learn from context. Be sure to read stuff in Russian a lot and this will help expose you to the rules of the language. A rule of thumb: If in doubt, leave the case out! Just use the nominative in its place if you're unsure of which case to use. Slavs tend to understand what you mean. But always use the correct case when you are talking about the grammatical function of the word. I don't know much Russian, but I will use Ukrainian examples (the two languages are quite similar and the grammar is pretty much the same).

  • I read a book - Я читаю книгу (Acc.)

The book is the direct object (in simple terms the thing receiving the action of being read.

  • I go to school by car - Я їду у школу машиною (Instr.)

Think of the car as being your "instrument of travel", it's the thing you are using to complete the action.

  • That's my sister's dog - Це собака моєї сестри (Gen.)

The sister is the possessor or the owner of the dog.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Norrius
Norrius
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Note that «я еду в школу машиной» is not a valid Russian sentence, we'd say «я еду в школу на машине».

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/zirkul
zirkul
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Note that «я еду в школу машиной» is not a valid Russian sentence

And yet it's almost a valid Russian sentence. You can definitely encounter "Я еду в Москву поездом" or "Я добираюсь до дачи автобусом". It sounds a bit provincial, but will not cause any misunderstanding in Russian.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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Sorry, another Polish quirk separating Ukrainian and Russian ;)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/malchikrene
malchikrene
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thank you

1 year ago
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