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Luxembourgish Lessons #10: Prepositions

Welcome to number ten of the Luxembourgish lessons, which will be going over prepositions and the three types of prepositions found in the language.

Luxembourgish Vocabulary

Luxembourgish Grammar

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Prepositions in Luxembourgish

In Luxembourgish, there are three types of prepositions:

Dative Prepositions

Dative prepositions always use the dative case. These include - aus, ausser, géintiwwer, mat, no, vun, wéint, zënter, zu

Accusative Prepositions

Accusative prepositions always use the accusative case. These include- bis, duerch, fir, géint, ouni, pro, uechter, ëm

Two-Way Prepositions

Then there are prepositions that can insinuate either the accusative or dative cases, depending on the context of position. For example:

  • No movement -> dative: Mir sinn an dem Gebai "We are in the building"
  • Movement within limited space -> dative: Mir lafen an dem Gebai "We are running in (within) the building
  • Movement from one location to another -> accusative: Mir ginn an d'Gebai "We go into the building"

These prepositions include: an, bei, hanner, iwwer, laanscht, niewent, op, tëschent, virun, ënner

Contractions

In Luxembourgish, certain prepositions can be contracted with definite articles to form words that carry both meanings. Below is a chart listing examples of said contractions:

Quick Note:

Contractions do NOT apply to definite emphatic articles, therefore articles such as deem or där cannot be contracted.

Word Order

Prepositions can alter the word order of sentences. If placed at the beginning of a sentence, declarative sentences will change from SVO to VSO. For example:

  • Du schléifs a sengem Zëmmer "You sleep in his room"
  • A sengem Zëmmer schléifs du lit. "In his room sleep you"

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December 28, 2016

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