Translation:the apple

December 28, 2016

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so adding ul at the end of a word makes it say the such as: the apple, the cat , the dog?


Yes. The Romanian -ul comes from the Latin demonstrative pronouns oll -e, -a, -ud added as a postposition to the determined word. It's the same story in Norwegian (en mann /a man/, mann-en /the man/) and Bulgarian/Macedonian (букъ /a beech tree/, букъ-тъ /the beech tree/ ).


@Hugoat21 - If it is masculine/neuter (i.e, masculine at singular), yes. If it is feminine it would be an A insted of UL (if it is ending in Ă it transforms in A, and A -> UA, but iI guess it is to early for that...).


what is the difference between un mar and marul?


un măr - an apple
mărul - the apple


Oh my! Are Romanian apples masculine, unlike French, Portuguese, Italian and Spanish? Later I found out that Romanian apples are neutral, but the masculine is used to refer to the tree. So, do neutral words use the "masculine" endings for plural?


Yeah they are. From what I can tell so far, if a word is masculine, you simply put "ul" after the word to make it "the".


Again, I have since found out that the Romanian word for apple, the fruit, is neuter but the same word is used in masculine for the tree. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/m%C4%83r


All neutral words use masculine for singular and feminine for plural.


Măr - the fruit - is neuter (un măr / două mere).

Măr - the tree - is masculine (un măr / doi meri).


The neuter in Romanian is different from the neuter in German or English. Actually, a Romanian neuter noun HAS a gender but it is different in the singular and the plural form (masculine for singular, feminine for plural (so their "combination" is "neuter")).

As such, an apple is masculine but (more) apples are... feminine (and conjugated accordingly).

(many other nouns have gender not corresponding to their French (that I know to some extent) equivalent (German is more close, but also with some differences in gender of nouns from Romanian))


So definiteness in Romanian is represented by suffixing? That's certainly an interesting parallelism between Romanian and the North Germanic languages. I wonder how this feature evolved in Romanian, especially when the other Romance languages lack it (as far as I know). Time to do some research!


un mar actually means an apple as in one apple and marul means the apple! From ur Romanian girl ( i woz born there)


The recording for the pronunciation of mărul is kinda unclear... Could you pretty please redo it?


wooowww not complicated at all !!!!!

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