1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: German
  4. >
  5. "Unser nächster Lehrer ist ei…

"Unser nächster Lehrer ist ein Mann."

Translation:Our next teacher is a man.

February 26, 2014



why is it "nächster" with -r, wouldn't the 'e' be enough


Due to the possessive determiner in front you have to apply the mixed inflection pattern for the adjective:

„Unser nächster Lehrer…“ (mixed)

But: „Der nächste Lehrer…“ (weak)



There is an easier alternative. Think of possessive 1st and 2nd person personal pronouns as weak ein words. Then you can apply the Strong form case
Source : http://gregreflects.blogspot.in/2015/02/how-to-memorize-german-cases.html


Do you mean it's because "Unser" can be either masculine or neuter?


unser can be the the determiner for a masculine or neuter possessed item, but I wasn't referring to the inflection of the possessive determiner.

Instead I wanted to point out that the inflection of the adjective changes depending on whether there is a definite article (use „weak inflection pattern“) or a possessive determiner (use „mixed inflection pattern“) in front of it.


Another way of saying this and something that is noteworthy is that unser declines as ein does (also similar words like kein mein dein etc do that) and not like the definite article (der in this case).

Note that unser is the most basic form of the word so it is: unser-- which can be: unser, unserem, unseren etc. and not unserer (that's possessive) nor does the -er- in unser show masculinity (it's just the most basic form and corresponds to ein Lehrer in that it does not show gender).

You would've thought that it would be just like "welcher nachste Lehrer" in which case only an e is enough like you say but here welch declines like a definite article.


Why not 'Unserer nächste Lehrer' ?


There are different versions of the possessive determiners in German.

One of them is when you use the determiner in front of the noun:
„Unser nächster Lehrer ist ein Mann.“ – “Our next teacher is a man.”

One of them is when you replace the noun, without the usage of an article.
„Euer nächster Lehrer ist eine Frau. Unserer ist ein Mann.“ – “Your next teacher is a woman. Ours is a man.”

And the third variant is to replace the noun but with the usage of an article.
„Euer nächster Lehrer ist eine Frau. Der unsere ist ein Mann.“ – (probably translated as above)


Rather than a boy? Otherwise Lehrer is already male?


You also use the masculine gender if you're talking generally or you don't know. E.g. Jeder wird beantworten = Everyone will answer. Jeder is used to convey everyone in the general sense or if you don't know - there might be a group of women in there as well.

I believe Unser nächster Lehrer functions the same way - up to that point, you're talking about the next teacher be it a man or a woman.. then comes ist ein Mann - that the teacher is a male.


Yes, thanks. Just learned that from mein Lehrer.


About the pronounciation. Does "chs" here pronound "ks" or the common "ch-s" where "ch" is too weak compared to "s"?


Both are correct, it just depends if it's high or low German, Low German pronounces as ks, High German pronounces as the "common" ch-s.

The standard German we are learning here is heavily based on High German so the "correct" would be ch-s.

Low German is also used "only" on North Germany so if you want to make more people happy use ch-s. Another good reason to pronounce this way is that nobody speaks Standard German on everyday use, they speak their local variant. As you are an outsider it's better to start using the standard pronunciation.


The ch-s pronunciation seems to be the correct one, as one would speak it this way in situations where comprehensibility matters, such as dictating. But I guess in usual conversations you'd encounter the word mostly pronounced with a sound closer to ks, or x, similar to the sound in Porsche Boxster.


I barely hear the "-r" from nachster


I agree with you. It's not a problem with the program. It's just the way it is pronounced. It is much easier to hear the final "r" on "er" or "ihr" or possessive pronouns than it is at the ends of adjectives.


Why professor is not ok??


the professor = der Professor/in


Teacher =/= professor


The purpose of this sentence is to indicate that the next teacher is male, as opposed to female. In informal English, we might say "Our text teacher is a guy". Should this be accepted then?


That would be rather disrespectful to the teacher in German, but there is a translation for guy in German. http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-german/guy


Isn't this sentence technically redundant because you know the next teacher is a man if you use "Lehrer" as opposed to "Lehrerin" for a woman? what the heck Duolingo


If you use "Lehrerin", then you know the teacher is a woman. If you use "Lehrer" , the teacher could be a man, but that is also the generic term for "teacher".


Does nächster always mean "next", or are there cases where it means "next to"? Thanks a lot


Why is "a man" wrong? "Our next teacher is one man" seems an odd thing to say - as if the previous teacher was a gestalt entity or something!?


"Our next teacher is a man" is the suggested answer from Duolingo, although it will undoubtedly have "one man" in the database of acceptable answers as well (I think it adds that automatically, even though it sounds strange). Because it's in the database, there's a chance it will be suggested as a correct answer when you make a mistake in your answer. Perhaps you made an unconscious error or encountered a bug.


How can a Lehrer be not a man?


As noted in other comments "Lehrer" doesn't only mean "male teacher" but is also used for just generic "teacher" which could be a man or a woman (or a boy or a girl). Or with current technology it could be an owl - Duolingo ist mein Lehrer.


So male should be accepted?


No, the sentence to translate doesn't say "ein männlich" - "a male" it says "ein Mann" - "a man".


Unser nächster Lehrer ist "Iron Man"


Is there any way to differentiate between "man" and "husband"? Duo accepted "Our next teacher is a husband," but I'm just curious. :)


The sentence would definitely be interpreted as "man," not "husband." If you wanted to specify a husband, you could use "Ehemann."


Danke schoen! :-)


so is there a sentence as "unser naechster lehrerin ist eine frau"?since the 'in' already indicate that its female,seems a bit extra.


You always need to conjugate the article/adjective based on the gender of the noun. Thus you can only say "Unsere nächste Lehrerin."

Your sentence mixes masculine "Unser nächster" with feminine "Lehrerin," which doesn't work.


"Nächster" sounds like "nexta".


How do you even make a sentence like that in German??? Of course a Lehrer is a man. And Lehrerin is a woman. How isn't this a pleonasm???


"Lehrer" is also used as the "generic masculine" to refer to a teacher of unspecified or irrelevant gender. "Unser nächster Lehrer" would normally be understood as "our next teacher," and not "our next male teacher." (The same goes for other masculine nouns referring to people: the masculine form can also be used generically.)

Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.