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https://www.duolingo.com/emmamgw14

Aimsir Láithreach and Modh Coinníollach exceptions

Hey everyone,

I was wondering if anyone had a list of the verbs that are exception sin the aimsir fháistineach (apart from na briathra neamhrialta obviously). I was thinking something like this (http://studycentral.weebly.com/irish/category/an%20aimsir%20chaite - scroll down) but this website doesn't have the future tense or modh coinníollach exceptions. Go raibh míle maith agat!

1 year ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
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For first conjugation verbs, the future and conditional conjugation exceptions can be subdivided into the following major subgroups:

\1. One-syllable verb stems ending in -aeigh, -áigh, -aoigh, -eoigh, -iaigh, -óigh, -uaigh, or úigh, such as dóigh : suffix begins with broad f

  • future: dófaidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, dófaimid, dófar ;
  • conditional: dhófainn, dhófá, dhófadh sé/sí/sibh, dhófaimis, dhófaidís, dhófaí.

\2. One-syllable verb stems ending in -éigh, such as téigh : suffix begins with slender f

  • future: téifidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, téifimid, téifear ;
  • conditional: théifinn, théifeá, théifeadh sé/sí/sibh, théifimis, théifidís, théifí.

\3. One-syllable verb stems ending in consonant + -igh, or consonant + short vowel + -igh, such as suigh : suffix begins with slender f, and i in stem is replaced with í

  • future: suífidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, suífimid, suífear ;
  • conditional: shuífinn, shuífeá, shuífeadh sé/sí/sibh, shuífimis, shuífidís, shuífí.

\4. Those verbs that require broadening the stem, such as siúil : suffix begins with broad f

  • future: siúlfaidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, siúlfaimid, siúlfar ;
  • conditional: shiúlfainn, shiúlfá, shiúlfadh sé/sí/sibh, shiúlfaimis, shiúlfaidís, shiúlfaí.

For second conjugation verbs that are syncopated (those verbs with more than one syllable and which end in -aibh, -ail, -aill, -ain, -air, or a consonant followed by one of -il, -ill, -in, -ir, or -is, such as codail [with a broad stem] or taitin [with a slender stem], but note that not all multisyllable second conjugation verbs with these endings are syncopated): move the final consonant of the stem before the final vowel(s) and conjugate as normal for second conjugation verbs —

  • (broad) future: codlóidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, codlóimid, codlófar ;
  • (broad) conditional: chodlóinn, chodlófá, chodlódh sé/sí/sibh, chodlóimis, chodlóidís, chodlófaí ;
  • (slender) future: taitneoidh mé/tú/sé/sí/sibh/siad, taitneoimid, taitneofar ;
  • (slender) conditional: thaitneoinn, thaitneofá, thaitneodh sé/sí/sibh, thaitneoimis, thaitneoidís, thaitneofaí.
1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/emmamgw14

Thanks so much! I was wondering if you knew the exceptions to those rules?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
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If by “knew the exceptions to those rules” you’d meant “had a complete list of all verbs to which the exceptions above apply”, no, I don’t have such a list. If you have access to the book Standard Irish Verbs, you could compile such a list yourself.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/emmamgw14

That's okay! Thank you!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Q112358
Q112358Plus
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Scilling, do all of the above conjugations have the f pronounced as "h"? Do you know of a guide that breaks down pronunciation of all non-present tense verb forms?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
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It could depend upon the dialect. For Connacht Irish, the Wikipedia article on Irish orthography describes the different effects of the -f… in the conjugations above.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Q112358
Q112358Plus
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I recommend teanglann.ie when looking up verbs, the site gives a complete breakdown of all conjugations for every verb.

1 year ago