Ein vs. Einen
What is the difference between "ein" and "einen"? As in lesson 2 "ein Apfel" and "einen Apfel."
It's "ein Apfel" when it's a subject and "einen Apfel" when it's an object. An apple is round. = Ein Apfel ist rund. I want an appel. = Ich will einen Apfel.
So in the sentence "This man has a horse", should it be ein Pferd or einen Pferd?
i'm pretty sure it should be ein Pferd since it is the object and possessive of der Mann. Pferd has a neutral gender as well so ein doesn't really change unlike masculine words like der Hund und der Apfel which will always change depending on whether it is Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ or Genitiv i believe!
i thought when the word begins with a vowel we use einen an when it starts witha consonant we use eine isn't this true ?
Also such grammatical cases exist in Russian, Ukrainian and other Slavic languages. We have even more than 4 cases (Ukrainian - 7, Russian - 6).
Nouns and adjectives change extensively its endings and suffixes depending on grammatical case, however there are no articles, which makes it a little bit easier)
Hello, the problem with learning German grammar such as the Normative,Accusative, Dative and Genitive is that when as a beginner and trying to speak German, you do not have time to check which is the correct case to use when speaking. Sure grammar is important but we should not focus too much on grammar at the expense of more important aspects of learning German
And why is "Leist du ein Buch?" instead of "Leist du einen Buch?". I think book is the object
As I understand it, Buch carries a neuter grammatical gender. Das Buch. The neuter indefinite article is 'ein' for both nominative and accusative forms.
The form of the indefinite article (a,an) is determined by the case, the gender of the noun, and the number of the noun. If you look at the table at the bottom of http://www.german-database.supanet.com/page6.html you can see exactly which form to use. So for apple (masculine), if the apple is the subject of the sentence, you use the Nominative row and the masculine column and you get "ein Apfel ist rot". If apple is in the accusative (usually the direct object of the verb) then you use the Accusative row and the masculine column to arrive at "Ich esse einen Apfel".
The original comment was posted seven years ago, if the website is down by now, that's no fault on the OP's part.
Ok I missed it was a neuter name. I'm still having difficulties determining the gender of the words
The German database on Supranet mentioned by AndrewCorby sounds like it would have been helpful, but it's gone. Did anybody find something like this elsewhere?
It's because "das Buch" (neuter) has a different grammatical gender from "der Apfel" (masculine). Take a look at the website Andrew posted. The very last chart is relevant here.
put it simple, that's the nominativ (Subject of the sentence) and Akkusativ (direct complement of the sentence), both in Masculin form. Example:
ein hund spaß macht mit einen man.
ein hund -> masculin subject (can be neutrum, duno), hence EIN einen man -> masculin direct complement, hence EINEN
Check out Nominativ und Akkusativ Artikels