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https://www.duolingo.com/EndaAMT

Help with lenition

EndaAMT
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According to posts I have read a lot of people are struggling with lenition. I thought I'd make a list of what I know to help out.

a h must be added after...

1) the possessive pronouns mo, do and a (his) when the following noun starts with a consonant ex. mo ghluaisteán.

2) the possessive pronoun a (her) when the following noun starts with a vowel ex. a hathair

3) after the prepositions ar (on), sa (in the), faoi (under/about), de (off), ró (too), an (very), don (for the) and ó (from).

4) to put verbs into the past tense ex. brisim (I break) changes to bhris mé (I broke).

5) to form the negative glannaim (I clean) changes to ní ghlannaim (I don't clean)

6) using the vocative ex. a chailín!

7) when talking about one feminine noun and using the definite article ex. an bhean

I hope this helps please feel free to add anything I've missed into the discussion.

1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Knocksedan

2) the possessive pronoun a (her) when the following noun starts with a vowel ex. a hathair

This isn't lenition - that's a "h-prefix", not a séimhiú.

5) to form the negative glannaim (I clean) changes to ní ghlannaim (I don't clean)

You don't use lenition to form the negative - you use to form the negative (in the present, future, conditional and past habitual), and causes lenition for most verbs (faigh and abair being exceptions).

7) when talking about one feminine noun an bhean

Feminine nouns are lenited after the singular definite article an.

Tá bean ag siúl siar an bóthar is a sentence "talking about one feminine noun", but because there is no definite article, it is not lenited.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
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Some other situations where lenition occurs are listed here.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EndaAMT
EndaAMT
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Thanks.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/patbo
patbo
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GnaG has a long list that describes where lenition occurs. But honestly, I think it's just too long to make studying the list a good approach. The important thing is that lenition exists and that you recognise it when a grammatical feature uses it, but learn its use only together with that specific grammatical feature. Otherwise it would be like learning Spanish verb endings all at once without knowing what they mean.

1 year ago