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https://www.duolingo.com/luisfer_10

How to say "I have to..."?

Hej! I was wondering how to say "have to", not in a mandatory sense as "at må", nor in the sense of being a necessity as "at behøve". If any native is seeing this, please help! Thank you in advance :) !

1 year ago

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/duolingonaut
duolingonaut
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"I have to" = "jeg skal". "I have to go to school now" = "Jeg skal i skole nu". Try listing some example sentences in English for us to translate.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/luisfer_10

Thank you! If you could help me with this phrases, I would really appreciate it :)

-I have to do my homework.

-I have to study.

-I have to practice.

-I have to buy something.

I suppose the negative form of this sentences in Danish is just adding "ikke" after the verb.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/duolingonaut
duolingonaut
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Jeg skal lave mine lektier
Jeg skal læse/studere
Jeg skal øve (mig)
Jeg skal købe noget

Korrekt - den negative form er "skal ikke".

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/luisfer_10

Mange tak!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/soniawaite

please tell me, why is it" jeg skal ove mig" but not "Jeg skal studere mig"? What is the rule for adding an extra mig or sig?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/duolingonaut
duolingonaut
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I'm not sure if there's a rule. Generally speaking; if a verb is transitive you might use it with a reflexive pronoun. You could say "I have to study myself". This would mean the same as "Jeg skal studere mig (selv)". This is likely not what you're going for. Now practise is transitive, but "I have to practise myself" doesn't really work, so that's obviously an exception to my general rule above. You might use reflexive pronouns in a playful way (which is obviously not grammatically correct): "I'm going to practise myself some Danish" or "I'm going to study myself some Danish" - "Jeg skal til at studere mig noget dansk". This does work in Danish: "jeg skal øve mig". It's like "I'm going to train myself". You don't really need the reflexive pronoun though; "jeg skal øve" works equally well, as does "I'm going to train". I recommend ordnet.dk if you want to know all ways in which a word can be used. It's tedious but helpful.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/soniawaite

Thank you, I will have a look.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RaiNey037
RaiNey037
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Hey, i'm a native danish speaker, you can message me if you have any questions, i'm online every single day so i will respond quikly. Good Luck with your danish :D

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/luisfer_10

Hej! Thank you for your offer, it would be great if you could help me. If you want, I can help you too with your Spanish or French (I'm from Spain, here it's very normal to have a high level in French, 'cause we're neighbour countries :D). So if you're interested, just let me know.

Now, I'm struggling with the Danish word order (when do you have to invert the subject, where should be a direct object placed, and such things), it's quite tricky ;) !

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RaiNey037
RaiNey037
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what do you mean by invert?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/luisfer_10

Like when you say "det ved jeg ikke", the subject and the verb are inverted.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RaiNey037
RaiNey037
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Thats a hard one for me to explain :D But the only exsamples i could come up with in my head where you would put the person behind the adverb is.

''Det tror jeg ikke'' or ''det ved jeg ikke'' like you said So ''det'' is where you have to invert the person and the adverb.

You could also avoid thinking about it if you always are putting the person first in your speech. (ofcourse that ins't possible on Duo'' Like

''Jeg tror det ik' or ''Jeg ved det ik'

but then you have to say ik' instead of ikke, so that is another rule, but only in your speech, so you would write ''ikke''

. Hope this is helpful and i don't hope i've made you more confuesed (proably have sorry)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RaiNey037
RaiNey037
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You could other wise add eatch other so we can talk another day

1 year ago