The rule is that when a clitic is included in the conjugation the participle takes on the gender and number of the object instead of the subject; not all grammars agree though, and the accepted usage is that while recommended it's only truly mandatory when there is room for misinterpretation e.g. "l'ho trovato" vs "l'ho trovata" (you wouldn't know if it's him or her without the participle's gender). A few years ago Roberto Benigni sang "Quanto t'ho amato e quanto t'amo non lo sai" (how much I loved you and how much I love you, you don't know) and only a handful questioned the grammar.
Nope; as an academic of the Crusca wrote at http://www.accademiadellacrusca.it/it/lingua-italiana/consulenza-linguistica/domande-risposte/accordo-participio-passato "La possibilità di scelta per i punti 2, 3 e 4 è esistita da sempre in italiano e le restrizioni di tanto in tanto indicate da qualche grammatico sono da considerarsi infondate" (the possibility of choice for points 2, 3 and 4 has always existed in Italian and the restrictions from time to time indicated by some grammarian have to be considered baseless). Point 2 is this case (direct object as a pronoun preceding the verb): note the example "ci ha ingannato" - "ci ha ingannati".
Now you have just changed the interrogation for an exclamation mark. Therefore, you also changed the meaning of your sentence, but you'd rather change the position of the auxiliary verb, as well, by placing it after the subject. So, the sentence would be exactly as proposed by Duolingo!
A semi-automatic translation/adaptation attempt:
A. Dell'Era asks: If the intransitive form of "pensare" in the expressions "penso a mia figlia", "penso a mio fratello", etc., why does the verb become transitive when the noun is replaced by the pronoun? ("La penso", "lo penso" instead of "le penso", "gli penso"). Other users have expressed similar perplexities.
The verb "pensare" with the atonic pronouns
The verb "pensare" can be both transitive and therefore hold an object complement, and intransitive and supporting an indirect complement, which however is not a term complement, but a locative. Let's see in detail the two cases:
When it is transitive, the most recurring form is that with the anticipation of the object complement with the atonic pronoun, so "la penso", "lo penso" even if the corresponding forms "penso lei", "penso lui" are not incorrect; it is true that they can be perceived as unusual, but in reality they are more natural, and they are even more used, in contexts where they are accompanied by some predicative form, such as "penso lui ancora giovane e snello". Also at the semantic level there are subtle differences between transitive pensare that is so defined, in Tullio De Mauro's Grande Dizionario italiano dell'uso: "raffigurare con la mente, esaminare con il pensiero, anche escogitare, inventare" ("to imagine with the mind, to examine with thought, also to devise, invent") and intransitive pensare, which instead assumes the meaning of "avere il pensiero rivolto a qualcuno o a qualcosa" ("having the thought turned to someone or something"), with an affective connotation that in the first case is less relevant.
In the intransitive form the verb "pensare" is followed by a complement ruled by the preposition "a", a complement which however contrary to what might seem, is not a term complement, but a complement that indicates the place, real or metaphorical, to which the thought is addressed. In the passage from the tonic form that follows the verb, like "sto pensando a lei", to the atonic form that precedes the verb, just by virtue of the fact that it is a locative, the clitic is inserted there, thus "ci sto pensando" even when the object of thought is a person. In fact, limited to the form "ci penso", it has also been hypothesized that the disapproval of the grammarians with respect to the popular use, widespread in some Italian regions, of "ci" as a complement of the term referred as third and sixth person ("ci dico" for "gli/le dico, dico loro").
To verify this peculiarity of the verb "pensare" it is possible to perform, for example, a search for the sequences "le penso" and "gli penso" in the CD-ROM of Letteratura Italiana Zanichelli which has a search engine that allows you to identify a given sequence on a corpus of about 1,000 texts of Italian literature from its origins until today: the result of this research offers a unique context in Orlando Furioso (canto 29, octave 71: "Orlando non le pensa e non la guarda" referring to a dying beast), which turns out to be the only case attested, also confirmed by the critical edition of the Orlando Furioso edited by Santorre Debenedetti and Cesare Segre (Bologna, 1960).
For further information:
- A. Leone, Conversazioni sulla lingua italiana, Florence, Leo S. Olschki Editor, 2002, pp. 53-4.
- L. Renzi, Grande grammatica italiana di consultazione, Bologna, Il Mulino, 1991, vol. I, p. 568.
- L. Serianni, Italiano, Milan, Garzanti, 2000, p. 179.
Curated by Raffaella Setti Drafting Linguistic Consultancy Accademia della Crusca
Sorry, neither correct answer is natural English. We'd say 'I've thought of you so much'. However, we would say How much you mean to me'. Roberto Benigni sang "Quanto t'ho amato e quanto t'amo non lo sai" but we would reverse the order (you don't know how (much) I loved you and how (much) I love you (still)
I suppose this answer to be wrong because I know that "pensare" is a intransitive verb which makes its objects indirect ones. Because of this, I think it has to be "pensato" and not "pensata" no matter one is talking about a woman or a man. Only direct objects require the past participle to be changed by gender.
What do you think?
When the auxiliary verb is avere, the past participle reflects the gender/number of the direct object represented by the atonic/clitic pronoun.
- mandatory for lo, l', la, li, le
- optional for mi, ti, ci, vi
- never for tonic/non-clitic pronouns
- never for indirect objects
- never for named objects
When the auxiliary verb is essere, the past participle reflects the gender/number of the subject (always mandatory).
So close! Duolingo wouldn't accept "How much have I thought of you!", but I guess this is the form it would take (in English) if it were a question, as noted in prior posts... The most natural translation to English (in my opinion, of course) would be "I have thought of you so much!".
When the direct object pronoun (ti) precedes the past participle (pensato/a/i/e), the past participle needs to agree in gender with the direct object pronoun. So, in this case, the Italian sentence, in particular the past participle "pensata", indicates that "ti" is referring to a (only one) female. "Quanto ti ho pensato" would indicate "ti" is a man, "Quanto vi ho pensate" would indicate more than one female, "Quanto vi ho pensati" would indicate all males or a mix of males and females, etc.
you can use "pensato" it is correct as well DL tips: If the verb is conjugated with a third person direct object clitic (lo, la, l', li, le) or (with some exceptions) the partitive clitic (ne), it must match gender and number of the clitic: Andrea li ha letti. Andrea has read them. If the verb is conjugated with any other direct object clitic, it can optionally match its gender and number: Antonio mi ha chiamata. OR Antonio mi ha chiamato. Antonio called me. (For a feminine "me.")