https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WedintonB

Diferencias entre Who vs. Whom

¿Cuándo debes utilizar who y cuándo whom? Si tienes la respuesta, ¡excelente! puedes seguir leyendo y reforzar tus conocimientos; pero si dudas de cuál utilizar, a continuación un sencilla explicación.

Who es un pronombre y significa: quién o quiénes

Who is that boy sitting next to Sally? (¿Quién es ése chico sentado al lado de Sally?)

Who are they? (¿Quiénes son?)

Whom es un pronombre y significa: a quién

Whom did you visit at the hospital? (¿A quién visitaste en el hospital?)

Nota: Muchas personas piensan que la principal diferencia entre Who y Whom es la “formalidad”, cuando en realidad la diferencia más importante es una cuestión gramatical. No entraré en detalles gramaticales, la intención de esta entrada es facilitarte la vida y darte una solución que sea simple de recordar.

Cuando tengas duda entre cuál utilizar, si Who o Whom, he aquí una simple regla que funciona en la mayoría de los casos:

Si hipotéticamente puedes responder a una pregunta con la palabra “him”, entonces debes utilizar whom. —Un pequeño truco para recordar: “him” termina con “m” como también “whom” por lo tanto him=whom

Si hipotéticamente puedes responder a una pregunta con la palabra “he”, entonces debes utilizar who. —Por lo tanto he=who

Ejemplos:

Who/Whom do you love? (¿A quién quieres?) I love him. (Lo quiero a él.) Por lo que tu pregunta tendrá que ser formulada con whom: Whom do you love?

Who/Whom is going to be the next champion? (¿Quién será el próximo campeón?) He will be the next champion. Por lo que tu pregunta tendrá que ser formulada con who: Who will be the next champion?

Whom/Who should I address this letter to? You should address the letter to him. Por lo que tu pregunta tendrá que ser formulada con whom: Whom should I address this letter to?

Who/Whom wrote the letter? He wrote the letter. Por lo que tu pregunta tendrá que ser formulada con who: Who wrote the letter?

En el inglés escrito es muy importante señalar estas diferencias y aplicar bien who o whom; mientas que en el inglés coloquial o informal, no hay problema, puedes utilizar who en la mayoría de los casos.

Si quieres consultar con la fuente esta abajo Espero que te ha ayudado este post o info.

Fuente: http://blog.englishcom.com.mx/gramatica/diferencia-entre-who-y-whom/

January 21, 2017

15 comentarios


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/avery_neal1

I am a native English speaker, and my father told me an easy way to remember was: If you can replace the word with “he”' or “'she,” use who. If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom.

January 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/geneoconnor

Thanks + lingot. I've always had a hard time knowing when to use "whom."

I don't worry about it when I'm speaking and only use whom when it's really obvious it's correct. When I'm writing I try to re-word it if I get to a spot where I'm not sure about which one is correct.

January 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeviPolasak

"Whom do you love" sounds very odd. I would never say 'Whom do you love' and I speak English fluently. It sounds very off to me. The rule generally exists like that, but sometimes it's just too odd to say "whom", so we say "who", like in "who do you love".

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GnesisEliz

Thanks for help us, LeviPolasak! It's good can know the opinion from a native English speaker about this topic. Blessing!

December 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7895123G

Cuando tengas duda entre cuál utilizar, si 'Who' o 'Whom' siempre utiliza 'Who'. La moyaria de nativos simepre utiliza 'who'. 'Whom' es antiguo. Soy un nativo de ingles.

January 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeviPolasak

Yeah it might be ancient, but it's still used quite a lot. In some sentences it feels to odd to say "who", it wouldn't be correct not to use "whom", even though people tend to do that. In the most popular sentence where 'whom' is used, is "To whom this may concern". It doesn't feel right to write "To who this may concern", because you wouldn't say "It concerns to he", rather, "it concerns to him", so you'd say 'Whom'. Generally people do tend to use 'who' though, in most instances where 'whom' should have been used.

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7895123G

That is a good point. Additonally 'whom' should always be preceded by a preposition:"for whom the bell tolls"; "The people to whom the prize was awarded";"who is doing what to whom".

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eyunairi

Even so it is native it nice to learn new thing thanks to you i have learn one !conbawa!

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/macaalmada

Who es "quien" y whom es "a quien".

Ej: She is my sister, who studies medicine.

She is my sister of whom i was talking yesterday

Espero te sirva!

January 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Antonio_ESP

thanks for the explanation

January 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TavoAlzate1

Very usefull, thanks a lot!

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MARTHA904196

Lo más sensillo es: Who se refiere a un sujeto que ejecuta una acción (verbo) ¿Quién lee? Who reads?

¿Quién canta? Who sings?

¿Quién viene? Who comes?

Whom se refiere a un sujeto sobre el cual recae la acción del verbo

Por eso su traducción exacta es " ¿A quién?" se usa cuando se puede usar con una preposición anterior.

Por jemplo,

This is the lawyer of whom I spoke the other day.

This is the lawyer who speaks all day

She is the woman to whom I cooked chicken.

She is the woman who eats chicken.

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeviPolasak

For*, you don't cook 'to' someone, you cook 'for' someone.

January 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MARTHA904196

Thanks!!!!

January 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Aquiconelsando

Your trick helped me a lot Thank you my dear friend

February 7, 2017
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