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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HeyItsOcarina

Let's Learn Kazakh! Part 6: Possessives

Hello! It's Ocarina, back again with another post of "Let's Learn Kazakh!" Today, we are exploring Possessives! (It's quite simple, actually). Let's go! {Also view The Directory for past/future lessons!}

Note: The order goes as follows. English, Kazakh, Romanization

My - Менің [Meniñ]

Your (sg. inf.) - Сенің [Seniñ]

Your (sg. formal) - Сіздің [Sizdiñ]

His/Her/Its - Оның [Onıñ]

Our - Біздің [Bizdiñ]

Your (pl. inf.) - Сендердің [Senderdiñ]

Your (pl. formal) - Сіздердің [Sizderdiñ]

Their - Олардың [Olardıñ]

Now we're done! I hope you enjoyed this (rather short) lesson! I'll see you next time!

-Ocarina

January 25, 2017

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HeyItsOcarina

Oh, and if anyone wants me to make this a YouTube series, then vote here!

http://www.strawpoll.me/12190705


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PotatoSanta

Don't worry about votes just make it


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/blagoslovennyj

Hi! Just some extra info. :)

The genitive pronouns are only part of the possessive structure. IIRC they're often optional, as possession is also indicated by way of suffixes that attach to the possessed noun.

Each suffix has several forms, which change according to vowel harmony and whether the stem it attaches to ends in a vowel or a consonant.

менің... (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ым/-ім (if the stem ends in a consonant)

сенің... (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ың/-ің (if the stem ends in a consonant)

сіздің... -ңыз/-ңіз (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ыңыз/-іңіз (if the stem ends in a consonant)

оның... -сы/-сі (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ы/-і (if the stem ends in a consonant)

біздің... -мыз/-міз (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ымыз/-іміз (if the stem ends in a consonant)

сендердің... (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ың/-ің (if the stem ends in a consonant)

сіздердің... -ңыз/-ңіз (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ыңыз/-іңіз (if the stem ends in a consonant)

олардың... -сы/-сі (if the stem ends in a vowel), -ы/-і (if the stem ends in a consonant)

Notice how the possessive endings for сенің/сендердің, сіздің/сіздердің, and оның/олардың are the same!

Менің анам. - My mother. Менің итім. - My dog.

Сенің анаң. - Your (sg.) mother. Сенің итің. - Your (sg.) dog.

Сіздің анаңыз. - Your (sg., polite) mother. Сіздің итіңіз. - Your (sg., polite) dog.

Оның анасы. - His/her mother. Оның иті. His/her dog.

Біздің анамыз. - Our mother. Біздің итіміз. - Our dog.

Сендердің анаң. - Your (pl.) mother. Сендендің итің. - Your (pl.) dog.

Сіздердің анаңыз. - Your (pl., polite) mother. Сіздердің итіңіз. Your (pl., polite) dog.

Олардың анасы. - Their mother. Олардың иті. - Their dog.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HeyItsOcarina

Thanks for the extra info! I wanted to put this in, but I had to do something irl, so I ended it off there.

-Ocarina


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcinM85

I really like your lessons! Is Kazakh mutually intelligible with Turkish? I know that both are Turkic languages, there are some common words and the grammar is similar. Both languages also sound similarly. But can Turkish and Kazakh speakers understand each other?

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