https://www.duolingo.com/Livki

Accusative Dative Nominative and Genitive

I've been so confused about where and when to use Acc., Dat., and Nom. cases, but I think I've finally figured things out and maybe it'll help you too.

Think of it like He, Him, and his.

So for the NOMINATIVE case you would say "Der Mann schläft." Using Der. So in English it would translate to "The man sleeps." The NOM. case is used to describe who/what is doing something.

For the ACCUSATIVE case you would say, "Ich sehe den Mann." Using Den instead of Der. The ACC. case describes who/what the verb DIRECTLY affects. So in English it would translate to "I see the man."

For the DATIVE case you would say "Ich gab dem Mann einen Apfel." Using Dem. The DAT. case shows who/what is INDIRECTLY affected by the verb. So in English it would translate to "I gave the man an apple."

For the GENITIVE case you would say "Das Auto des Mannes ist schwarz." Using des instead of der or dem AND adding ES or S to the end of the subject. The GEN case shows possession. So in English you would say "The man's car is black." and not "The man car is black."

To sum thing up NOM. = WHO DID IT ACC. = WHO IS DIRECTLY AFFECTED DAT. = WHO IS INDIRECTLY AFFECTED GEN. = WHO'S IS IT

January 25, 2017

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Gimcrack

I would strongly suggest that you look at this website. It has helped me A LOT! http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/nouns/declension-tables/

Also,
Nominative: subject
Accusative: direct object
Dative: indirect object
Genitive: ownership

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Der-Michael

A noun could be in any case, I think you mean subject.

  • Der Hund
  • Den Hund
  • Dem Hund
  • Des Hund(e)s

Is a noun in all cases.

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Gimcrack

Oops, my mistake!

There, I fixed it.

January 26, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Lorel90

That is right. There are also some prepositions and verbs that take some cases.

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/GlobalJim711

I think you have a great start.

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/DanielJ.

That is basically it, yes. HOWEVER...

Be careful in the genitive case; masculine and neuter nouns change their article to "des", but feminine nouns will change their article to "der", just as they do in the dative case.

January 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Osnakezz

You can also say ''I see him/her'' - which is an accusative/dative form. And if there is a transitive verb or a preposition (after a verb), it is that as well.

This website has a weird design, but explains those cases very well for native English speakers.

January 26, 2017
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