"The elephants drink water."
Translation:Gli elefanti bevono l'acqua.
because it is masculine plural with a vowel as first letter. You use "i" for masculine plural with a consonant as the first letter and "gli" for masculine plural with vowel as the first letter. you use "le" for feminine plural with a consonant and "l'.." for feminine plural with a vowel.
That's the verb to drink. Io bev-o, tu bev-i, lei bev-e, noi bev-iamo, voi bev-ete e loro bev-ono. I think you should have picked this up in an earlier class. The difficulty in the app is that there is often no explanation why specific grammar exists...
edit: I've added the "-" to show the different conjugations more clearly.
Yeah, I understand how it works. I meant to say 'to drink' instead of 'water', that's my bad. I just cannot remember when I should use bevi or beviamo or bevete etc. I was just wondering if there is an easier way to remember them, and which one I should use. Because I really struggle with them.
You've understood now right? Io bevo = I drink, tu bevi = you drink, lei/lui beve = he/she drinks and then we, you and they (drink). In italian the verb is generally used without io/tu/lei/lui etc. since it is enclosed in the conjugation. I'm afraid there are no shortcuts to learning these conjugations and since Italian offers more tenses there are more to remember. Repetition is key here.
In this case the elephants are plural, therefore in English you'd say "They drink" thus "bevono". If you'd drink water it would be "bevi l'acqua"
(I've edited my previous post to show the way the verb is conjugated more clearly)
You have to memorize the conjugation of the verb. Or keep a journal and write conjugations in it. I did that at the very beginning because there is nowhere in the App to reference how to conjugate verbs in any language. But I find as zi conti ue in different languages, that making the mistake helps to correct and learn the conjugation. But if you cannot remember, write it on a sticky note and post it on yr batbroom mirror. You will learn it very quickly.
To Jamie89 and anyone having trouble conjugating verbs.
Verb conjugation is an essential part of Italian and all other Romance languages, so don't guess. Duolingo introduces verb conjugation early (in Basics, level 1, I think). Considering the importance of verb conjugation, they could stand to give many more examples and practice in verb conjugation or at least create a drop down box that shows the conjugation of the verbs in any given sentence.
Simply put, verbs are conjugated to indicate who is performing the action of the verb, ie who is drinking, eating, working etc. The Italian word for "to drink" is "bevere." To conjugate "bevere," remove the -ere ending and add o, i, e, ete, iamo, or ono to indicate I drink, or you drink, or he drinks, etc. Most present tense verbs follow this pattern. Following is how you would conjugate Bevere:
I drink = Io bevo, You drink (singular) = Tu bevi, He drinks = Lui beve, She drinks= Lei beve, You drink (pl.) = (y'all drink, alla y'all drink, you'se all drink) = Voi bevete, We drink= Noi beviamo, They drink=Loro bevono
An example a verb ending in -are: Mangiare = to eat. I eat = io mangio, you eat = tu mangi, he/she eats = lui/lei mangia, y'all eat (you, pl.) = voi mangiate, we eat = noi mangiamo, they eat = loro mangiano,
My Italian friend tells me that in typical conversation, Italians do no use the pronouns. They just use the conjugated verb. So instead of saying noi beviamo, they would simply say, "beviamo." The "iamo" ending tells the listener, that WE drink" Duolingo initially uses pronouns along with the verbs to cement them in your brain, and then gradually begins to use the pronouns less often.
I hope this helps anyone who is struggling with verb conjugation. Don't give up. You'll get it!
I've had to memorize some, but for others I've come up with a few tricks. Ex: ~Loro rhymes with bevono (same for mangiano, scrivono, leggono, etc) so the one that rhymes would be correct in this case.
~Beve is used in place of the english "drinks" and in italian an e is used instead of an s to show a plural. So "she drinks" would be "lei beve" in italian, since the singular "bevo" is now plural.
~The first concept applies to bevo. "Io" rhymes with "bevo". (If you get confused with bevo and bevono since they both rhyme, just remember that "Io" is shorter than "Loro", and "Bevo" is shorter than "Bevono"- longs and shorts together.
As for the rest, memorization. Hope this helps!
This question asked to translate "the elephants drink water". I provided the answer "gli elephanti beviano acqua" but it was marked wrong with the correct answer being "gli elephanti bevoano l'acqua". However that would be the translation for "the elephants drink the water", which this question wasn't asking. Why was I marked wrong?
I didn't use the article for acqua in my translation, and it was accepted. However, "Another Correct Solution" was offered including the article. Why are both accepted here? If the english doesn't include the article why should a translation that contains the article be considered correct???? What is the rule?
Gli for masculine plural words that begin with a vowel,s or z. I for all the others masculine plural words. Also an easy way to remember the general rule is to memorize this scheme: Singular: il, lo, la Plural: i, gli, le The colums match (witch means that i is plural of il, gli of lo, le of la). I gatti = a group of male cats Le gatte = a group of female cats In english is the same thing is you don't pute the male/female word.
When you start this exercise we are asked to translate "gli elefanti bevono acqua", the answer you marked as correct was "the elephants drink water". Now, however, when you ask us to translate "the elephants drink water" you are insisting the translation to Italian should be "glI elefanti bevono l'acqua". Where in the English is the word "the"? Would you be so kind as to be consistent. If you are not consistent how are we students ever to progress? Get it right, one way or the other, please.
The English sentence should read "The elephants drink the water" OR all the Italian answers should not contain "l'acqua" but just "acqua". But apparently I am one of many who have noticed this, yet you have not fixed this since the first time I was presented with this question.... disappointing!