1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Duolingo
  4. >
  5. Slow Finnish - Chapter 14f - …

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Slow Finnish - Chapter 14f - Resepti

Määrä - Amount

  • gramma gram
  • kilo(gramma) kilogram
  • desi(litra) decilitre
  • litra litre
  • sentti(metri) centimetre
  • metri metre

These words are followed by nouns (and adjectives) in the partitive.

  • kilo sipuleja/sipuleita kilogram of onions
  • litra maitoa litre of milk
  • metri kangasta metre of fabric (kangas, kankaat)

Remember that numbers (apart from one) and the word puoli are always followed by the partitive singular.

  • kaksi kiloa omenoita two kilograms of apples
  • kolme litraa vettä three litres of water
  • puoli metriä kangasta half a metre of fabric

Tusina, a dozen, is always followed by the partitive plural.

  • tusina mansikoita dozen strawberries

-llinen

You can form adjectives by adding -llinen to a noun. You need the stem used for the nominative plural to be able to do this. The adjective means "someone or something who has or owns something".

  • paita -> paidat -> paidallinen someone who has a shirt (on)
  • aviomies -> aviomiehet -> aviomiehellinen someone who has a husband

This is a relatively rare way of using this sort of a word. Adjectives like this are mainly used in formal language. It is, however, possible to use this word in other ways. First, sometimes words formed like this acquire an additional meaning. A good example of this is lapsellinen, which can mean both "someone who has children" and "childish". Second, adjectives like these can be used to express amount. You place it before a noun in the partitive. Sometimes, the word can be translated with an English adjective ending in -ful. Usually it is translated with full of or simply with of.

  • lusikallinen puuroa spoonful of porridge
  • lautasellinen keittoa plateful of soup
  • rekallinen porkkanoita lorry full of carrots
  • autollinen lapsia car full of children
  • mukillinen kahvia mug of coffee
  • pullollinen limonadia bottle of soda

Numbers (apart from one) and puoli are followed by the partitive singular.

  • puoli teelusikallista suolaa half a teaspoon of salt
  • kaksi mukillista teetä two mugs of tea

In some very rare cases, you can use a noun instead of the adjective. These are the ones we have learned so far.

  • kuppi kahvia cup of coffee
  • lasi mehua glass of juice
  • nippu kukkia bunch of flowers
  • pullo olutta bottle of beer (olut, oluet)
  • paketti sokeria package of sugar

Kupillinen, lasillinen, paketillinen and pullollinen are perfectly good words and are often used instead of the nouns. Nipullinen, however, has become very rare.

Olla täynnä - To be full of

Although you can use -llinen for even as large an object as rekka, you cannot (usually) use it with larger units like talo or kaupunki. Täynnä followed by the partitive is used in such cases.

  • Talo on täynnä tuoleja. The house is full of chairs.
  • Kaupunki on täynnä autoja. The city is full of cars.

Harjoitus 1

Käännä englanniksi. - Translate into English.

  • Tarvitsemme kaksi kiloa jauhoja ja tusinan munia.
  • Leipuri tarvitsee ruokalusikallisen suolaa ja puoli teelusikallista sokeria.
  • Lisää veteen desi etikkaa.
  • Haluan puoli kiloa perunoita ja nipun porkkanoita.
  • Lapset juovat pullon limonadia.
  • Peking on täynnä ihmisiä.
  • Taidan juoda kupin kuumaa kahvia.
  • Osta paketti kanelia; taidan leipoa korvapuusteja.
  • Minun tekee mieli juoda kuppi teetä.
  • Koulu on täynnä lapsia.
  • Miksi keittiössä on laatikollinen kissoja?
  • Hänellä on jano; anna hänelle lasi vettä.
  • Poikaystäväni voi olla lapsellinen.
  • Saisinko lautasellisen kinkkua?
  • Kauppa on täynnä vaatteita.
  • Haluatteko lasilliset maitoa?

During the last week or so, I have been working with Duolingo's very own puffin, Jack Elliot, on his blog filling it it with all sorts of cool Finnish things. If you want to know more about äitiyspakkaus, the Finnish tango, saunavasta, morkkis, tonttu, bears and other things, check out Jack's blog.

I would like to remind you that these lessons have a companion course on Memrise. A link to the Memrise course and the previous lessons are found in Slow Finnish directory.

Hei! :)

January 31, 2017

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Harjoitus 1

  • We need two kilograms of flour and a dozen of eggs.
  • The baker needs a tablespoon of salt and a half a teaspoon of sugar.
  • Add a decilitre of vinegar into the water.
  • I want a half a kilogram of potatoes and a bunch of carrots.
  • The children drink a bottle of soda.
  • Beijing is full of people.
  • I think I will drink a cup of hot coffee.
  • Buy a package of cinnamon; I think I will bake korvapuusti.
  • I feel like drinking a cup of tea.
  • The school is full of children.
  • Why is there a box of cats in the kitchen?
  • He is thirsty; give him a glass of water.
  • My boyfriend can be childish.
  • Could I have a plateful of ham?
  • The shop is full of clothes.
  • Do you (plural) want glasses of milk?

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elizawieslawa

A good example of this is lapsellinen, which can mean both "someone who has children" and "childish". One of the reasons that I like Finnish this much is that it has a huge potencial of playing with words (that is I you know it well enough). Kiitos Mari!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Kiitos, done. Now to the Memrise course to play catch up. :)

Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.