https://www.duolingo.com/SportsOcean

Spanish Tips - Accents

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So, I thought that I'd share these with you guys because it's very helpful to know when learning Spanish!!!


Vowel, N, or S


So if the word ends in a vowel, n or s (a, e, i, o, u, s, n) the stress goes on the second to last syllable. Some examples:

Examen

Amigo

Nieva


Any Consonant Besides N or S


In this case, the last syllable gets the stress. More examples:

Nariz

Hablar

Reloj


Exceptions


Exceptions to these rules get accents. Examples:

Lápiz

Frío

Está


Question Words


All question words have accents! Some examples:

Qué

Cómo

Cuál

I hope this helps!!! Thanks for reading!!! :-) - SportsOcean

2 years ago

32 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/psluk
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Thanks for the post!!

I want to add some notes:

If you want to make a diptongo into an hiato you have to put an accent on the vocal débil (i, u):

  • frio → past tense of freír for usted/él/ella (to fry). FRIO (1)

    fríocold, or I fry (from freír)FRI-o (2)

  • rio → past tense of reír for usted/él/ella (to laugh). RIO (1)

    ríoriver, or I laugh (from reír). RI-o (2)

  • continua, continuocontinuous con-TI- nua (or nuo) (3)

    continúa → present tense of continuar for usted/él/ella (to continue), imperative form for . con-ti-NU-a (4)
    continúo → present tense of continuar for yo. con-ti-NU-o (4)

There are more examples, it was just a note.

  • Diptongo: (this is the Spanish definition, I don't know if this word is used differently in English): when two vocales débiles are together, one vocal fuerte and one débil are together, or one vocal débil and one fuerte are together. Usually the "débil" one sounds very short, and you do not separate them in syllable division:

    escuela es-CUE-la, cielo CIE-lo, canción can-CIÓN, etc...

  • Hiato: Two vocales fuertes are together, you have to separate them in syllabe division:

    comía (i and u are fuertes when they have an accent) co--a, María Ma--a, aéreo a-É-re-o (I'll explain this rule below)...

  • Vocal débil/cerrada (closed vowel): i, u.

  • Vocal fuerte/abierta (open vowel): a, e, o.


More rules!!

  • aguda → última/last syllable stressed, it has an accent when ending with n, s or a vowel (explained in the original post), not accent needed if its a monosyllable word.

    reloj re-LOJ (no accent needed), comenzó co-men-

  • grave → penúltima/second-to-last syllable stressed, it has an accent when ending with a consonant different to n or s (explained in the original post).

    agua A-gua (no accent needed), María Ma--a, comía co--a.

  • esdrújula → antepenúltima/third-from-last syllable stressed, always has an accent.

    aéreo a-É-re-o (hiato rules separate a-e-o from each other), cuéntelo (tell it) CUÉN-te-lo (diptongo rules put them together, a-e-o with an accent is still a fuerte), contámelo (vos form of "tell it to me") con--me-lo.

  • sobreesdrújula → anterior a la antepenúltima/before third-from-last syllable stressed, always has an accent.

    cuéntamelo (tú from of "tell it to me") CUÉN-ta-me-lo, cuénteselo (usted form of "tell it to him") CUÉN-te-se-lo, or another one: rápidamente (quickly, you can also just say rápido) -pi-da-men-te.

You can Google more info, I'm sure it will be explained better anywhere else.

We also have the acento diacrítico to differenciate monosyllables (but they are pronounced the same way): info.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/beckyend

i used to think the accent marks were not important but i learned that they are important because they control what sound the letter makes like in Pokemon the pokemon flabebe has accent marks over the E and the accent mark makes that E sound like BAY.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/attanatta
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Except in Spanish the accent mark/emphasized syllable doesn't actually change the sound of the vowel (like might happen in English). Instead, the accented syllable is just said more emphatically, which means that it's a bit louder and possibly longer.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/beckyend

oh

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/attanatta
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The following images came from my English/Spanish language infographic collection on Flickr. The specific album is "Punctuation and Capitalization"


2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/IoanaL7

Thank you for all the explanation, I try to learn the accents for each word what is really difficult; I will try to apply the rules and may be it will be easier.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/trenton

This is called the ...."nose rule".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamiaHill

Thanks this is very helpful. However - i don't see how frio is an exception. It seems to me that it ends in a vowel and so the 2nd to last syllable is emphasized - so why the accent? Is it to separate the diphthong?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/psluk
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Kind of, they're not irregular forms or something like that. When you have a diphthong and you want the short vowel to sound "normal", you put an accent there (becomes a hiatus) and it is often for other meanings.

  • frio -> the i is short. 1 syllable.
  • frío -> the i is longer. 2 syllables.

More info in my other comment.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JamiaHill

¡Muchas gracias!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CandySpani1

thanks for the tip

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Julie976873

This is really helpful. Thanks for posting.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nancymcc

Thanks so much! Great reminder!!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RobertGreenwald

Wonderful and very helpful

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/muybien01

I didn't know the question thing! ! thanks for posting this! ! =)=)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/qhomee
Plus
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nice work have a lingot

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mazdee

Wow! That's a great help! I had no idea, and have been studying Spanish off and on for several years. ¡Muchas Gracias!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KenecxjoGoldberg

SportsOcean, ¡Gracias por ayudarme! ---Keneĉjo Ricardo

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/IoanaL7

Thank you very much for your explanations, they are really useful!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/spanishdancer101

Thanks. Very helpful.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sue267001

That is helpful. Thanks.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NaomiAnnMckay

Thanks, every little helps.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Elizabeth960447

This is a very helpful post! Thank you for contributing :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SportsOcean
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Thank you for reading it! :-D

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitchbladon

thank you you helped lots

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SportsOcean
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Any time! I hope to post more Spanish tips soon!!!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/beckyend
1 year ago
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