https://www.duolingo.com/Cammykazie

Confused about Possessives

Cammykazie
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To put it short I'm really confused at how the possessives work, I know ones like Hennes and hans but all of these get me - var, min, mitt, deras, din, ditt, er, vart, ert, mina, dina, dess, sin, sitt, sina, era and vara, it just seems as though some of them mean the same word but are used in different situations. If anyone could help me with tihs it would be greatly appreciated.

1 year ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/germanwannabee

For possessives and for any adjectives, there are three forms of the word. One ending in "-a", one in "-tt" and one without any special ending.

As you know, in Swedish there are "ett" word and "en" words. If the adjective or possessive pronoun you're using is modifying an "ett" word, that adjective or possessive pronoun will also end in "-tt". Here's an example: Det är mitt äpple. Since "äpple" is an "ett" word you use "mitt" instead of "min."

Similarly, if you are using a possessive pronoun or adjective to modify an "en" word, that modifier would have no specialized ending. For an example: Det är min hund. I used "min" instead of "mitt".

But if you are talking about plurals, the modifier ends in "-a" regardless of whether they are "ett" or "en" words. De är mina äpplen. De är mina hundar. Both use "mina" because both "äpplen" and "hundar" are plural.


En stor hund - a big dog

Stora hundar - big dogs

Ett stort äpple - a big apple

Stora äpplen - big apples


There are a few exceptions, such as "bra" which means "good" never changes:

Ett bra äpple - a good apple

En bra hund - a good dog

Bra hundar - good dogs

Bra äpplen - good apples


So this is why you see er, ert, era, min, mitt, mina, din, ditt, dina, vår, vårt, våra, sin, sitt, sina etc..

this video explains quite well.

I hope this helps :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MagnusBoiv
MagnusBoiv
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That's correct for first and second person. For third person it's a bit different.

For third person singular 'hans' and 'hennes' are used regardless of gender and number of the object:

hans hund - his dog

hans äpple - his apple

hans hundar - his dogs.

And for third person plural it's the same with 'deras':

deras hund - their dog

deras äpple - their apple

deras hundar - their dogs

HOWEVER, when it's reflexive (I think it's called), where you've already introduced the person in the sentence, you should use 'sin', 'sitt' or 'sina', both in singular and plural:

Hon går med sin hund - She is walking her dog

Hon äter sitt äpple - She is eating her apple

Hon älskar sina hundar - She loves her dogs.

Bröderna matar sin hund - The brothers are feeding their dog

Maskarna äter på sitt äpple - The worms are eating on their apple

De kör sina bilar - They drive their cars

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MagnusBoiv
MagnusBoiv
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Oh, I forgot about 'dess'. It works just like 'hans' and 'hennes' but for non-personal subjects (both common and neuter gender):

dess färg - its colour

dess fönster - its window / its windows

dess färger - its colours

A table with all pronouns can be found at:

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Template:sv-decl-ppron

1 year ago
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