difference between ceci,cela...and tous and tout??
I just finished the first lesson in pronouns 2 in French, and just barely because i didn't even have any hearts left when the lesson ended. And I had to repeat the lesson about 7 times before i actually passed
Please help, I am super confused about this: what is the difference between ceci, cela, celui, and celle? and when do I know how to use tout, tous , or toute? (i think toute is for feminine but i dont know about the other two)
Help me fellow Duolingers. You are my only hope(s).
french.about.com is a great site for learning grammar that Duo teachs by trial and error (sometimes a lot of error). For tous/toute etc try this link http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/tout.htm "Tout - Tous - Toute - Toutes Learn all about the useful French word tout"
http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/indefinite-demonstrative-pronoun.htm for "French Indefinite Demonstrative Pronouns Ce, Ceci, Cela, Ça - Pronoms démonstratifs indéfinis"
I usually find these by doing a Google search on 'aboutfrench ceci' for example ...
I haven't reached the lesson yet but I think that toute is feminine, tout is masculine and tous is plural, based on the endings.
The following is quickly from memory. If anything is wrong, hopefully someone will correct me.
ceci - this
cela - that
celui - this/that one (male) [you can append -ci or -là to clarify whether it's this or that]
celle - this/that one (female) [as above]
tout - all [of it] (when it is male) - "tout le monde"
toute - all [of it] (when it is female) - "toute la journée"
tous - all [of them] (when they are male or of mixed genders) - "tous les hommes, tous les enfants"
toutes - all [of them] (when they are female) - "toutes les femmes"
Also, an important difference between "tous" and "tout" is about when you can "count" what you're talking about. I'll explain :
"I do this every day" would be "Je fais ça tous les jours". Tous : because "a day" is something you can count.
"Everyone is beautiful" would be "Tout le monde est beau". Tout : because "people" is not something you can count. I don't know if I am clear enough...
But, this only works when you hesitate between "tous" and "tout", not with "toute" or "toutes".