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https://www.duolingo.com/lilygryffindor

difference between ceci,cela...and tous and tout??

I just finished the first lesson in pronouns 2 in French, and just barely because i didn't even have any hearts left when the lesson ended. And I had to repeat the lesson about 7 times before i actually passed

Please help, I am super confused about this: what is the difference between ceci, cela, celui, and celle? and when do I know how to use tout, tous , or toute? (i think toute is for feminine but i dont know about the other two)

Help me fellow Duolingers. You are my only hope(s).

4 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Bill-Roca

french.about.com is a great site for learning grammar that Duo teachs by trial and error (sometimes a lot of error). For tous/toute etc try this link http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/tout.htm "Tout - Tous - Toute - Toutes Learn all about the useful French word tout"

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/indefinite-demonstrative-pronoun.htm for "French Indefinite Demonstrative Pronouns Ce, Ceci, Cela, Ça - Pronoms démonstratifs indéfinis"

I usually find these by doing a Google search on 'aboutfrench ceci' for example ...

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/benjaib

I haven't reached the lesson yet but I think that toute is feminine, tout is masculine and tous is plural, based on the endings.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johaquila
johaquila
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The following is quickly from memory. If anything is wrong, hopefully someone will correct me.

ceci - this

cela - that

celui - this/that one (male) [you can append -ci or -là to clarify whether it's this or that]

celle - this/that one (female) [as above]

tout - all [of it] (when it is male) - "tout le monde"

toute - all [of it] (when it is female) - "toute la journée"

tous - all [of them] (when they are male or of mixed genders) - "tous les hommes, tous les enfants"

toutes - all [of them] (when they are female) - "toutes les femmes"

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lilygryffindor

Thanks everyone very helpful :)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/cathzu
cathzu
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Also, an important difference between "tous" and "tout" is about when you can "count" what you're talking about. I'll explain :

"I do this every day" would be "Je fais ça tous les jours". Tous : because "a day" is something you can count.

"Everyone is beautiful" would be "Tout le monde est beau". Tout : because "people" is not something you can count. I don't know if I am clear enough...

But, this only works when you hesitate between "tous" and "tout", not with "toute" or "toutes".

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johaquila
johaquila
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That's the difference that I indicated with "all of it" and "all of them".

4 years ago