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Luxembourgish Lessons #22: The Future Perfect Tense

Welcome to number twenty-two of the Luxembourgish lessons, which will discuss how to form the future perfect tense.

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The Future Perfect Tense

In the last lesson, I discussed forming the future tense, which describes events that will happen in the future and involves the future conjugation of the verb sinn "to be" and an infinitive. For example:

maachen - to make

The future perfect tense describes events that will have happened in the future. Forming the future perfect tense requires the future form of sinn, as with the future tense. Unlike the regular future tense, however, it also needs the past participle of the main verb and its corresponding auxiliary verb following in that order. Compare the future tense of maachen from above to its future perfect counterpart:

In this instance, the auxiliary verb of maachen is hunn (to have), which is what most verbs take. The other auxiliary verb, sinn (to be), is usually reserved for intransitive verbs. For instance, consider the future perfect form of the verb goen:

goen - to go

Keep in mind that with the future perfect tense, unlike the perfect or pluperfect tenses, the auxiliary verb does not conjugate and will always remain in its infinitive form.

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February 16, 2017


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