"Cosa bevono gli uomini?"
Translation:What do the men drink?
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When you make a question in italian you reverse the word order.
In the normal word order (ie for a statement) the verb follows the subject, but in questions this is swapped around so instead you have the order:
(question word) (verb) (subject)
ie. Cosa bevono gli uomini?
Cosa mangi tu?
If the subject is a pronoun (io, tu, lui/lei, etc) it can be omitted like usual. ie. "Cosa mangi?"
Some people are talking about how the word order changes in questions, and how English makes more sense. But they seem to have failed to notice that English too changes its word order for certain questions. For example, for yes-or-no questions, the verb switches positions with the subject, effectively changing the language's word order from SVO to VSO.
Example: "The men are drinking." becomes... "Are the men drinking."
Shifting word order for questions is common for languages, especially Indo-European ones. You just likely never noticed due to it being your native language.
Gli is plural form of lo, lo and il are both masculine of "the". So when should you use lo/gli? When the noun starts with a vowel or 's+consonant' like lo squalo or gli stivali or gli uomini. There are more occasions but thats the basics. Google when to use lo vs il. The reason for this is to just make it roll off the tongue better, like how in english we'll say A minute, or AN hour. We add the n in front of a vowel, they have il/lo
??? Not clear w your English explanation of: we'll say A minute, or AN hour. We add the n in front of a vowel.... Really? So AN Hour doesn't work. B/c AN Hour isn't an N in Front of a vowel starting word. Vowels are A,E,I,O,U. Not H. So the way I read your sentence... it shouldn't have an N or AN in front of Hour. Or.... is the sentence/explanation wrong. Sorry, but it's confusing.
See the following useful page on this: http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/italian/language_notes/il.html