Luxembourgish Lessons #23: The Conditional Mood
Welcome to number twenty-three of the Luxembourgish lessosn, which will be discussing how to use and form the conditional mood.
- Conditional Mood: Grammar
The Conditionnel présent
The conditional mood describes events that are either hypothetical or uncertain correlating with one or more set of circumstances. In other words, it describes events that would/would not happen.
Forming the Conditional Mood
There are two ways to form the conditional mood-
1. Géif + infinitive
The first (and most common) way of forming the conditional mood is the combination of the verb géif* and the infinitive form of a verb.
schreiwen - to write
The conditional form of the verb doen (to do) "déing" does see some use as an alternative auxiliary verb. For example, Ech déing schreiwen "I would write" (lit. I would do writing) instead of Ech géif schreiwen.
Like with the future tense and modal verbs, the infinitive moves to the end of an independent clause:
"I would like to buy the game" -> Ech géif d'Spill gär kafen (lit. I would the game like to buy)
2. Direct conjugation
Another way to form the conditional mood by directly conjugating the verb (with alterations to the verb stem). For example:
iessen - to eat
kommen - to come
Keep in mind that most verbs do not have their own conditional form, and that the form is usually reserved for common verbs such as sinn or hunn (which I'll talk about in the next lesson) as well as the modal verbs.
- Luxembourgish Lessons #18: The Imperfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #19: The Perfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #20: The Pluperfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #21: The Future Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #22: The Future Perfect Tense