Is this a greeting or farewell? The translation says it could be "Have a good day," which I would generally say in parting, or "Good day," which I would generally say when meeting someone.
It seems like Swahili varies a lot from country to country, even speaker to speaker! Maybe they are hearing usiku njema! Can anyone else weigh in on this?
I know that a lot of non-native speakers tend to put everything inanimate in the 9/10 class, which would make it "njema" the form for inanimates with "mwema/wema" used for people and animals.
I'd expect something like "good night" to be common enough to avoid this though as common phrases often conserve grammar that is lost elsewhere in a language.
Leo means "today", so Leo njema would literally be "Good today".
I started learning Swahili half an hour ago, so I'm not expert, but I'm not sure you can say that.
Hello, so what's the difference between "Asubuhi njema" and "siku njema"? Both translated as " good morning", "good day", which actually is the same meaning.
Probably time is the difference. Asubuhi njema would be said in the morning, and siku njema in the afternoon. But that's a guess. Mchana mwema is have a good afternoon, which would probably said in the afternoon. Is siku njema more or less generic for the day from late afternoon to early evening?
Exactly - as a rule of thumb (although everyone does it a bit differently): (Alfajiri - 4/5-6/7 am) Asubuhi 7-12 am Mchana 12-14 Alasiri 14-16/17 Jioni 17-19 Usiku (dark hours)
Siku can refer to any time the sun is up. :)
How do I know when to use njima and nwema in a greeting. For example, michana nwema or michana njima?
~ema changes more than other adjectives when in a different class: 1/2: mtu mwema, watu wema 3/4: (mti mwema, miti myema - however, all in parentheses do not make sense, but I put them for purpose of completeness) 5/6: tunda jema, matunda mema (another nound would be better, sorry, I couldn't find one off the top of my head) 7/8: kitu chema, vitu vyema 9/10: safari njema, safari njema (watch out, the animals's adjectives and verbs agree with class 1/2 as they are alive, the rest in concordance of animals is in this class) 11(/10): upendo wema 15 (verbs): kupenda kwema (place classes:) 16: (pale/mahali pema) 17: (kule kwema) 18: (hamo mwema) 17 and 18 have no nouns in them.