Luxembourgish Lessons #24: The Conditional Perfect
Welcome to number twenty-four of the Luxembourgish lessons, which will discuss how to use and form the conditional perfect mood.
- Conditional Perfect: Grammar
The Conditionnel passé
In the previous lesson, I noted that the conditional mood denotes hypothetical or uncertain events based on some set of circumstances. The conditional perfect mood is basically the same thing, but with the event happening in the past, detailing of events that would have happened.
Forming the Conditional Perfect
The conditional perfect combines the properties of the normal conditional mood and the perfect tense (hence the name). The mood is formed by combining the past participle of the main verb with the conditional conjugations of the auxiliary verbs sinn (to be) and hunn (to have).
Below are the conditional conjugations of sinn and hunn-
As with all of the other perfect tenses mentioned thus far (perfect, pluperfect, future perfect), most verbs take the auxiliary verb hunn, with sinn reserved usually for intransitive verbs. Below are a couple of examples of verbs formed in the conditional perfect as well as the conditional present for reference.
maachen - to make (auxiliary verb: hunn)
reesen - to travel (auxiliary verb: sinn)
In independent clauses, the past participle (as usual) moves to the end of the clause. For example, the sentence "I would have read the book" translates as Ech hätt d'Buch gelies.
- Luxembourgish Lessons #18: The Imperfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #19: The Perfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #20: The Pluperfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #21: The Future Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #22: The Future Perfect Tense
- Luxembourgish Lessons #23: The Conditional Mood