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Malay - Alphabets 2

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Previous: Connecting Letters


For this lesson, we will go through the Rumi alphabet which is the similar with the English alphabet.

Rumi Alphabets

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz


Aa (أي)

Jawi: ا / none / ى

IPA: /a/

English: father

Malay words

  • batu / باتو = stone/mile/rock

  • letak / لتق = to put/place

  • dakwa / دعوى = to prosecute


Jawi: ا / أ / ءا / ئ

IPA: /ʔa/

English: up

Malay words

  • adik / اديق = younger sibling

  • diangkat / دأڠکت = to be carried/lifted

  • kemerdekaan / کمرديکاءن = independence

  • masalah / مسئله = problem


Jawi: ع / عا

IPA: /ʕa/

English: aunt

Malay words

  • akal / عقل = mind

  • adil / عاديل = just(ice)



Bb (بي)

Jawi: ب

IPA: /b/

English: book

Malay word

  • buih / بوءيه = bubble


Cc (سي)

Jawi: چ

IPA: /t͡ʃ/

English: chess

Malay word

  • catur / چاتور = chess


Dd (دي)

Jawi: د / ض

IPA: /d/

English: dough

Malay words

  • dapur / داڤور = kitchen

  • darab / ضرب = multiply



Ee (إي)

Jawi: ي / اي

IPA: /e/

English: get

Malay words

  • teh / تيه = tea

  • enak / اينق = delicious


Jawi: none / ا / ى

IPA: /ə/

English: bird

Malay words

  • ketat / کتت = to tight

  • emak / امق = mother

  • mekanisme / ميکانيسمى = mechanism



Ff (ايف)

Jawi: ف

IPA: /f/

English: food

Malay word

  • feri / فيري = ferry


Gg (جي)

Jawi: ݢ

IPA: /g/

English: good

Malay word

  • guni / ݢوني = sack


Hh (ايچ)

Jawi: ه / ح / ة

IPA: /h/

English: hat

Malay words

  • hati / هاتي = heart/liver

  • hukum / حکوم = law

  • madrasah / مدرسة = religious school



Ii (اءي)

Jawi: ي / اي / none

IPA: /i/

English: lid

Malay words

  • kilat / کيلت = lightning

  • ibu / ايبو = mother

  • insan / انسان = human/mankind



Jj (جيه)

Jawi: ج

IPA: /d͡ʒ/

English: jet

Malay word

  • jari / جاري = finger


Kk (کي)

Jawi: ک

IPA: /k/

English: king

Malay word

  • kuning / کونيڠ = yellow

Jawi: ق

IPA: /ʔ/

English: uh-oh

Malay word

  • patik / ڤاتيق = I/me/mine (used when talking to royalties)

Jawi: ق

IPA: /q/

English: cut

Malay word

  • kubur / قبور = grave

Jawi: ع

IPA: /ʕ/

English: aunt

Malay word

  • rujuk / روجوع = to refer


Ll (ايل)

Jawi: ل

IPA: /l/

English: let

Malay word

  • lari / لاري = to run


Mm (عيم)

Jawi: م

IPA: /m/

English: make

Malay word

  • musim / موسيم = season (time)


Nn (عين)

Jawi: ن

IPA: /n/

English: no

Malay word

  • naluri / نالوري = instinct


Oo (او)

Jawi: و / او / ءو / ئو / none

IPA: /o/

English: knot

Malay words

  • tolong / تولوڠ = help

  • obor-obor / اوبور٢ = jellyfish

  • Ong / ءوڠ = Ong (a Chinese name)

  • suborder / سوبئوردر = suborder

  • zohor / ظهر = noon



Pp (ڤي)

Jawi: ڤ

IPA: /p/

English: pot

Malay word

  • potong / ڤوتوڠ = to cut/chop


Qq (قيو)

Jawi: ق

IPA: /q/

English: cut

Malay word

  • qari / قاري = Koran reader


Rr (ار)

Jawi: ر

IPA: /r/

English: rock

Malay word

  • ratu / راتو = queen


Ss (ايس)

Jawi: س / ث / ص

IPA: /s/

English: sock

Malay words

  • sukar / سوکر = difficult

  • salji / ثلجي = snow

  • sabar / صبر = patience



Tt (تي)

Jawi: ت / ة / ط

IPA: /t/

English: tough

Malay words

  • tukar / توکر = to change

  • solat / صلاة = prayer

  • taufan / طوفان = hurricane



Uu (يو)

Jawi: و / او / none

IPA: /u/

English: put

Malay words

  • lupa / لوڤا = to forget

  • ulat / اولت = worm

  • kurun / قرون = century



Vv (ۏي)

Jawi: ۏ

IPA: /v/

English: vet

Malay word

  • video / ۏيديو = video


Ww (دبليو)

Jawi: و

IPA: /w/

English: wake

Malay word

  • waktu / وقتو = time


Xx (ايکﺱ)

Jawi: ز

IPA: /z/

English: xenon

Malay word

  • xilofon / زيلوفون = xylophone

Jawi: ايکﺱ

IPA: /eks/

English: x-ray

Malay word

  • sinar-x / سينر-ايکﺱ = x-ray


Yy (واي)

Jawi: ي

IPA: /j/

English: yet

Malay word

  • yu / يو = shark


Zz (زيت)

Jawi: ز / ذ / ظ

IPA: /z/

English: zoo

Malay words

  • zon / زون = zone

  • zat / ذات = essence

  • zalim / ظاليم = cruel



As you can see from both of the alphabet lessons, neither of these writing can be transliterated well without concerning the properties of a word. For now, just memorise the spelling and we will discuss this further in our next several lessons later.


Next: Basics 1

Directory

1 year ago

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/-Bii.Bii

tạm ổn

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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تريما کاسيه! (thanks)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aria487
Aria487
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This is a lot of work you're putting into this, thank you!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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Ikr but it's worth it for me :) I do volunteering stuff a lot so I don't really care what I will get in return. Knowledge is free for all!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aria487
Aria487
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That's an attitude that can be hard to find! : ) Still, it doesn't deny the fact that you put a lot of work in it!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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Hope you found this useful and easy to comprehend.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aria487
Aria487
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I did, but I'm a native Farsi speaker and Jawi alphabet is really familiar to me!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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Great! Some of the letters do from Persian and Malay also receives a number of words from Persian too!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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Also, you can look up Malay words in here. The website is entirely in Malay and runs by the organisation who regulates the Malay language. There also a Persian section in the website there 'Kamus Parsi (Beta)'. Hope this will help you understand Malay more with knowing this in Persian!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aria487
Aria487
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Interesting interesting! Thank you! I'll also make sure to spread the site address!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Taufik_Rosman
Taufik_Rosman
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Hope you like it as much as I do! I use this website often for reference and for my translation work.

1 year ago