Am I Understanding Se?
The sentence: Ese mapa se ve viejo. Translates to: That map looks old. I'm not really sure what se means or when to use it but from the looks of it, I would assume se is referring to the map, am I correct? If I were to say,"Ese mapa ve viejo," without se, would I be saying, "That map looks at old?" Does, Ese mapa se ve viejo, basically mean, That map it looks old? But in English we don't say "it"? Please let me know. iGracias!
"Se" in this case is a reflexive pronoun.
Read this page for more information about the different uses of "se": http://spanish.about.com/od/pronouns/a/introduction_se.htm
My take: 'se' can mean a lot of things, but in can be used in combination with 3rd person verbs to form a passive sentence: Aqui se habla espanol = Spanish is spoken hear and some idiomatic expressions like 'se dice' = it is said and 'se cree' it is believed. 'se ve' could be something like 'looks to be"
It's reflexive, reflexive verbs have a similar but different meaning from their non-reflexive counterparts (sometimes it's not always the case, for example saying "me comí un sandwich" and "comí un sandwich" or "me compré un carro" vs "compré un carro" mean the same thing)
In this case "ver" means "to see" while "verse" means "to seem/look like"
There is in the forum a post where we discussed this item. Use you the search option, put on "se" and read the post.
Really, in normal speak, you would not have to use that sentence. It's better ... "Este mapa es viejo" If it's broken.... "Este mapa es antiguo" If it's many years old.
"este mapa se ve viejo" is a idiomatic sentence used in Sudamerica. It is no habitual in Spanish formal language. "Se" Can be used as an introduction to a sentence as it has been explained in other post above... "Se dice... que...."
If you want remark some doubt about the condition of the map, you can say "este mapa parece viejo" or "este mapa parece antiguo" (seems).