https://www.duolingo.com/WaterPolyglot

'Ya' and 'Za'

When should you use 'ya' and when should you use 'za'? I'm confused...

February 24, 2017

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/runhaags

It is explained in the tips and notes. Make sure you are reading those. It is explained bit-by-bit as you progress through the tree.

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/WaterPolyglot

I am, but I don't understand the tips & notes, so this is what the discussions are for. If you don't have anything helpful to say, don't say anything.

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/runhaags

I'm sorry, I am trying to be helpful. Being rude doesn't help either. Try looking at the Wikipedia article for the language: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swahili_language#Agreement It has a chart listing the "-a" preposition for every noun class. Basically it works just like an adjective, where it has to agree with a particular noun class. So "ya" is used with several different classes of nouns, while "za" indicates the plural of the "N/N" class that doesn't inflect the noun itself, or the plural of the "U/N" class.

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/brjaga
  • 1901

It's worth noting, though, that -a has different prefixes from the ones used with adjectives (it's inflected the same as possessives and -ote "all"). I find Wiktionary to be a really good resource for Swahili inflection: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/a#Swahili

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/WaterPolyglot

Ah...okay, I understand. 9 lingots for your helpfulness!

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/runhaags

I appreciate the gift, but I have too many already!

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/runhaags

I have 3429, so I think we both have more than we could possibly use.

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/WaterPolyglot

Yes, we both have way more than we need. I'm spending them all on Streak Freeze and Double or Nothings!

February 24, 2017
Learn Swahili in just 5 minutes a day. For free.