"The boy eats the apple."
Translation:Il ragazzo mangia la mela.
"I'l raggazo" is not Italian, and wouldn't work in any sentence.
The apostrophe is used when the article "LO" becomes "L'" in front of vowels, but "ragazzo" has no vowel at the beginning.
It's a capital 'i' it looks like it's a capital 'L', but it's not. so if you write in lower case it should be il. Perhaps they should write these answers in lower case letters..or use a font serif font which would be more clear ans to which letter is being used. this is the capital i "I" and this is the lower case L "l' they look the same. it's confusing...I've noticed similar replies on many discussion questions and answers.
Just starting out with Italian but it looks similar to Spanish so I'll give this a try ...
Most nouns ending in -o are masculine, most nouns ending in -a are feminine. But at least in Spanish there are a lot of exceptions that you just have to memorize.
In general "the apple" = "la mela" and "an apple" = "una mela". Then in some specific cases the articles are not dealt exactly in the same way. It is better to ask and read the comments whenever you find something that doesn't fit this general rule.
I am having a terrible time understanding the difference in mangia, mangio, and mangi. Could someone please explain?
This is called conjugation. In English we hardly notice it because we say I eat, we eat, etc. but we do say he/she eats. In Italian the present tense of mangiare (to eat) conjugates as follows: Mangio, I eat Mangi, you eat Mangia, he/she/it eats Mangiamo, we eat Mangiate, you (plural) eat Mangiano, they eat Verbs just have to be learnt, either by repetition as here or off by heart.
first and foremost, we're talking about singular here so that means we should have il.
Second, even fi this was plural we should use I insteand of gli, because gli is the plural for lo (we use lo when we have z+vowel or s+consonant i.e. lo zucchero, lo squalo) and for l', which is something we use before smthing that starts with a vowel i.e. l'ape l'animale
"Una mela" is "an apple", it was asking for "the apple" which is "la mela."
Il ia for male and la is for female. So bread = il pane is male and apple = la mela is female? How can one tell gender of inanimate objects?
I put in il' ragazzo and was marked wrong. How come in this case there is no apostrophy after the L?
I know that 3rd person singular is "mangia", but Duo gives options (lui/lei) mangi - what am I missing here?!
Lui/lei mangi : this is the subjunctive which you could use for instance here : penso che il ragazzo mangi una mela.
Il ragazzo mangia una mela : this is a statement of fact so you have to use the normal present (indicative).
How do I when to use "la" and when to use "il"? Il ragazzo is correct but la ragazzo is wrong? (But also l'uomo is correct?)
"il" for most masculine nouns;
"lo" for masculine nouns starting with: s + a consonant, ps or z;
"la" for feminine nouns ;
"l' " for any nouns starting with a vowel.
Which nouns are masculine and which are féminine? You just have to learn them as you go along although there are ways of giving an informed guess. For instance "ragazzo" ends with an "o" and it means boy so quite logically it is masculine. "ragazza" ends with an "a" and means girl so again logically it is a feminine noun.
I tried "Lo ragazzo mangia il pomo". Looking things up, I found the following.
- "lo" is only for (masculine) nouns beginning with sC/pC/y/z (where C is a consonant)
- "pomo" is archaic for apple
Is this basically right?