https://www.duolingo.com/anthonytera

"-u" suffix?

I keep seeing the letter "u" added to the end of words, and I looked back through a couple previous lessons and I have no idea what it means. Is it just another way to write a verb(rather than add an i to the end)?

Apologies if this is something obvious that I just overlooked...

Eg. Lernu/Lerni = to learn?

1 year ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

It's the imperative form of the verb. It gives commands.

Lernu! - Learn!

Parolu! - Speak!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anthonytera

Thank you so much!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

Nedankinde!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
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So the best kind of answer to this question depends on your language background and how comfortable you are with grammatical terminology.

If a verb ends in -i it's called an "infinitive" and that's the form you'll find in a dictionary. It's often translated in English with the word "to" added.

  • kuri - to run

If a verb ends in -u it's sometimes called an "imperative" and is the form used for commands.

  • kuru! - run!

The u-verbs are used other ways too.

  • Ni kuru - let's run
  • Mi kuru - I should run
  • Mi volas ke vi kuru - I want that you should run - I want you to run

Be sure to read the tips and notes on the duolingo web site

https://www.duolingo.com/skill/eo/Imperative

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anthonytera

Ahhh, I don't know how I missed that. Thank you for explaining it, have a lingot!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anthonytera

Actually- I haven't gotten to the imperative lesson yet! A bit strange it showed up although I didn't complete, or even start it. But thank you everyone for helping!

1 year ago
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