"Jioni njema Emilian"
Translation:Have a good evening, Emilian
Why are the words for "good" changing for the different periods ? Is there a pattern to it?
Every noun belongs to a class and adjectives' prefixes change according to the class of the noun they are describing.
thanks, so to what class do JIONI and USIKU belong since one is Njema and the other Mwema ? Thanks for your help
I understand there are three classes. Njema is from the n-n class, and mwema is from the m-wa class because those are the classes of jioni and usiku (adjectives class prefixes simply follow the noun class prefix following the noun it modifies. I don't know where the "w" in mwema comes from...
Here are the classes:
1) m-wa class: people or animate beings (excluding trees, plants animals). m: singular wa: plural. example: mtoto (baby) watoto (babies).
2) m-mi class: trees or plants. m/mu: singular mi: plural. example: mti (tree) miti (trees).
3) n-n class: animals, loanword, misc. n: for singular and plural. example: ndege (bird or birds). but the "n" changes to "m" if the word stem begins with "v" or "b."
I just learned this from youtube: "The Swahili Language" by Langfocus Minute 6:40
what is the difference between njema and mwema? I am confused.. Please clarify