"Jioni njema Emilian"
Translation:Have a good evening, Emilian
I understand there are three classes. Njema is from the n-n class, and mwema is from the m-wa class because those are the classes of jioni and usiku (adjectives class prefixes simply follow the noun class prefix following the noun it modifies. I don't know where the "w" in mwema comes from...
Here are the classes:
1) m-wa class: people or animate beings (excluding trees, plants animals). m: singular wa: plural. example: mtoto (baby) watoto (babies).
2) m-mi class: trees or plants. m/mu: singular mi: plural. example: mti (tree) miti (trees).
3) n-n class: animals, loanword, misc. n: for singular and plural. example: ndege (bird or birds). but the "n" changes to "m" if the word stem begins with "v" or "b."
I just learned this from youtube: "The Swahili Language" by Langfocus Minute 6:40
I understand there are three classes...
Not to discourage anyone at this stage of the course, but there are actually eighteen (18) noun classes in Swahili!