"How is he?"
I don't quite understand this... what do these prefixes come from? Hajambo, Hamjambo, Hatujambo... looking at the tips and notes still doesn't really help me. I think it might have something to do with the person you're asking about (how is he versus how are you, that sort of thing), but I'm not sure. Can somebody help out?
This page helps: https://swahilicheatsheet.com/
Apparently this -jambo word-phrase follows the pattern for negative sentences /verb negation (which was confusing me). They are all a greeting (like when we say how are you? Or howzit? But maybe really just mean hello) but if you add a question mark they could be translated as “how are you?”.
- mimi => sijambo
- wewe => hujambo? = how are you?
- yeye => hajambo? = how is (s)he?
- sisi => hatujambo? = how are we?
- ninyi => hamjambo? = how are you? (>1 of you)
- wao => hawajambo? = how are they?
Hope this helps a few people who were also wondering.