"He reads the newspaper."
Translation:Er liest die Zeitung.
Is there an easy way remember the spelling with words ie and ei in German ?
Sure -- they're pronounced completely differently.
Some people use the mnemonic "when two vowels go a-walking, the second does the talking" to remember that in German, ie sounds like English "long e" as in "beet", while ei sounds like English "long i" as in "bite".
So for example, leider (unfortunately) and Lieder (songs) are written differently because they're pronounced differently. Similarly with dien! (serve!) and dein (your), sied! (boil!) and seid (are), hießt (were called - past) and heißt (are called - present).
Once you know the pronunciation, you'll remember the spelling easily.
In english I was taught Alice rule.
also known as "i before e, except after c", sometimes extended to ", except when it sounds like ay, as in neighbor and weigh -- and weird is just weird".
Completely irrelevant to German.
Note also that "receive" and "believe" rhyme exactly; in English ie and ei usually represent the same sound. Not so in German at all, where they represent two different sounds; German children don't mix them up any more than English schoolchildren mix up, say, "pan" and "pen" -- since those words sound differently, and the "short a" sound is regularly written with the letter a and the "short e" sound regularly with the letter e. So also in German: the "ei" sound is regularly written ei. (But the "long i" sound can be written i or ie or even ieh; gibt used to be giebt, for example. The spelling here is convention.)
In the case of "trinkst" 2nd person plural and 3rd person plural have same forms "trinkt".
No, they don't.
2nd person plural ends in -t: ihr trinkt
3rd person plural ends in -en: sie trinken
3rd person singular ends in -t: er trinkt, sie trinkt, es trinkt
But for "liest" its the 2nd person singular and 3rd person singular that have the same forms: liest.
A combination of two things:
- The stem les- ends in -s, so the 2nd person singular ending is just -t and not -st. This is regular for stems ending in a /s/ sound (-s -ss -ß -x -z).
- Some verbs change their vowel in the 2nd and 3rd person singular: from -e- to -i- or -ie, from -a- to -ä-, or from -au- to -äu-
So depending on whether one, both, or neither apply, the 3rd person singular may look like the 2nd person singular or plural or neither.
- trinken: du trinkst, er trinkt, ihr trinkt (most basic/regular form: 3sg = 2pl)
- tragen: du trägst, er trägt, ihr tragt (vowel change; 2sg, 3sg, 2pl all distinct)
- reisen: du reist, er reist, ihr reist (verb in -s: 2sg = 3sg = 2pl)
- lesen: du liest, er liest, ihr lest (vowel change and -s: 2sg = 3sg)
Because the equivalent word for the article ' the' in "the newspaper " in german is "die" as " die Zeitung ".
Remember, newspaper in german is of feminine. So we use its gender specific article.
Incase of apple (Apfel) in german it is masculine. So " the apple" will be "Der Apfel".
Remember, newspaper in german is of feminine.
Careful: grammatical gender is attached to a German word, not to a concept or an English word.
For example, "the city center" could be die Innenstadt (feminine) or das Stadtzentrum (neuter).
So please don't say things such as "newspaper in German is feminine" -- the feminine gender belongs to the German word Zeitung, not to the English word "newspaper" or to the idea of a newspaper. Instead, say, "Zeitung is feminine".
I used eine Zeitung
- eine Zeitung = a newspaper
- die Zeitung = the newspaper
Isn't newspaper supposed to be neuter?
The word Zeitung is feminine in German.
There's no "supposed to" with grammatical gender. It's mostly arbitrary.
How do we know when the the noun is neuter or feminine?
You have to look up the word in a dictionary, which will tell you the gender. Then you have to memorise it.