"He reads the newspaper."
Translation:Er liest die Zeitung.
Because the feminine accusative article is "die". All German nouns with suffix ~ung are feminine.
Yes because "Zeitung" is femminen. In the accusative, the feminine article remain the same.
die Nachrichten is "the news".
You might read the news on your smartphone. That's "the news", but it's not a newspaper.
die Zeitung is "the newspaper".