https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

English word of the week III

Somersault

An acrobatic exercise in which the body rotates 360° around a horizontal axis with the feet passing over the head.

The variety that takes place on the ground is known as roll.

The word originates from an obsolete French word sobresaut, which in turn derived from the Latin combination supra (over) and saltus (jump).

Saltus mortalis

In Latin, somersault is known as the "deadly jump". This is reflected in the name of the exercise in many European languages, which use different versions of the Italian salto mortale.

  • saltomortale Danish
  • salto German
  • salto mortal Spanish
  • salto Estonian
  • salto or saut périlleux French
  • Сальто Russian
  • saltomortal Swedish
  • salto Dutch
  • saltomortale Norwegian

Salto mortale

The Italians usually call a somersault capriola or capovolta. The Italian concept salto mortale, also used for somersault, has found its way into English in the meaning "a daring life-risking leap" or "a risky or crucial undertaking".

What is somersault called in your language? :)

March 5, 2017

12 Comments

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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jack.Elliot

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Thank you for your word of the week

here is my word

I do hope you enjoy it

http://jackelliot.over-blog.com/2017/03/snobbery.html

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March 5, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HUMANCALCULATOR

C'est sympa

March 5, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Aria487

This is a word I wouldn't find easily without checking a dictionary, thank you!

Extra info! The most common Farsi word for it is پشتک /poshtak/ roll. A more informal word is کله معلق /Kalle Mallagh/ translates as "head float"!

(edit, without much change in meaning)

March 5, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

My thanks and some lingots! :)

March 5, 2017

[deactivated user]

    Thats awesome! I love the pictures!

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

    The Czech word is "salto" too.

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelenCarlsson

    What is it called in Finnish (or did I just miss that)? A roll is "kullerbytta"(from French "culbuter"!) in Swedish by the way.

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

    Voltti. A roll is kuperkeikka. I could not find anything on the etymology. I assume the keikka part is related to keikahdus (upsetting balance). :)

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelenCarlsson

    I see. We have "volt" in Swedish too :).

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2014siri

    I call the roll Purzelbaum - something like tumbling tree ;-) btw salto mortale is also common in German for somersault :)

    March 5, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elizawieslawa

    The Polish word is also salto. If the girl used her hands (put them on the ground while having the legs up) it would be gwiazda - a star. The roll is przewrót. You could also use a colloquial word - koziołek, that is a diminiutive of kozioł - a goat. :)

    March 5, 2017

    [deactivated user]

      Head over heels. Forward roll Both used by children although forward roll is also used by Gymnasts.

      March 6, 2017
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