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When does "i" indicate palatalization?

[deactivated user]
    March 5, 2017

    2 Comments


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/potestasity

    In general, for the vast majority of cases, palatalization occurs at the end of the word, marking either the plural of a noun/adjective:.

    un pom înalt - doi pomi înalți
    un lup mare - doi lupi mari
    o floare - două flori
    un melc treaz - doi melci treji
    o ferigă - două ferigi

    or the second person singular conjugation of a verb:

    eu sar - tu sari
    eu cred - tu crezi
    taci! - -- imperative, there's no first person form
    să rup - să rupi -- subjunctive

    Note that, in both cases, the "i" that marks the palatalization has the effect of the phoneme /i/ - that is it changes any previous "c"|"g" from a /k/|/g/ sound to a /t͡s/|/d͡ʒ/ sound which suffers the palatalization. So a palatalized /k/ or /g/ only occurs in words ending in "chi"/"ghi":
    unchi (uncle)
    unghi (angle)

    There are also some words that don't fit in the two categories above but still feature palatalization (e.g. the two examples of palatalized /k/ and /g/ are both nouns in their singular form). Words like these can be used in deriving new words and sadly invalidate the end-of-word rule:
    câți = câțiva (how many - some)
    nici = nicicând (hard to translate out of context - never)
    cinci = cincizeci (five - fifty)

    I don't know how to express a rule that would dictate that "câțiva" and "nicicând" have two-syllables, you should probably learn them as they are.


    [deactivated user]

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