https://www.duolingo.com/vadmadhav

Absence of am/is/are in Turkish

The words like is,am,are are absent in Turkish. Is that valid for every case or will I be learning in future lessons?

1 year ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Kongekrabbe
Kongekrabbe
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Well, the only case where they are really absent in most cases is the 3rd person (Singular and plural). For other persons, they actually do exist, though Turkish uses suffixes that you are supposed to attach to other words rather than separate words here. I hope I could make the point clear?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vadmadhav

Can you elaborate through an example?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kongekrabbe
Kongekrabbe
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Let's take "tired" = yorgun. The last vowel is an u, so according the vowel harmony laws, the "to be" suffixes have to take the vowel "u" as well. A binding consonant (y) for the 1st person singular and plural is not necessary here, since "yorgun" ends on a consonant.

I am tired = (Ben) yorgunum

You are tired = (Sen) yorgunsun

He/She is tired = (O) yorgun

We are tired = (Biz) yorgunuz

You are tired = (Siz) yorgunsunuz

They are tired = (Onlar) yorgun

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vadmadhav

Thank you very much for your prompt reply.

But when it comes to nouns like:

English: I am Madhav

Turkish: Ben Madhav

There is no change in the proper noun right?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kongekrabbe
Kongekrabbe
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Yes indeed, this is true for names.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vadmadhav

Thanks a lot!!! Here's a lingot as a compliment!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TugRulz
TugRulz
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Actually you can say "Ben Madhav'ım" to emphasize that you are Madhav (and no one else in the room.) Reduction of -im -ım is not a strict rule but more of a convention.

For nouns except names (except the case above) you should use -im -ım (and other suffixes for corresponding nouns) You should say Ben doktorum for I am a doctor.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vadmadhav

Thanks a lot for extra information! Here's a lingot for you!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TugRulz
TugRulz
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Haha thanks you're welcome :D

1 year ago
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