Absence of am/is/are in Turkish
The words like is,am,are are absent in Turkish. Is that valid for every case or will I be learning in future lessons?
Well, the only case where they are really absent in most cases is the 3rd person (Singular and plural). For other persons, they actually do exist, though Turkish uses suffixes that you are supposed to attach to other words rather than separate words here. I hope I could make the point clear?
Let's take "tired" = yorgun. The last vowel is an u, so according the vowel harmony laws, the "to be" suffixes have to take the vowel "u" as well. A binding consonant (y) for the 1st person singular and plural is not necessary here, since "yorgun" ends on a consonant.
I am tired = (Ben) yorgunum
You are tired = (Sen) yorgunsun
He/She is tired = (O) yorgun
We are tired = (Biz) yorgunuz
You are tired = (Siz) yorgunsunuz
They are tired = (Onlar) yorgun
Thank you very much for your prompt reply.
But when it comes to nouns like:
English: I am Madhav
Turkish: Ben Madhav
There is no change in the proper noun right?
Actually you can say "Ben Madhav'ım" to emphasize that you are Madhav (and no one else in the room.) Reduction of -im -ım is not a strict rule but more of a convention.
For nouns except names (except the case above) you should use -im -ım (and other suffixes for corresponding nouns) You should say Ben doktorum for I am a doctor.