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  5. "I thank her."

"I thank her."

Translation:Ich danke ihr.

February 24, 2013



This should be marked as a "new concept"


Why is it not 'Ich danke sie' ?


"danken" takes the dative case.


Is there a way to know which verbs take the dative case? Or is there a list somewhere? Is this something German-speakers just have to memorize?


i dont understand the dative part.why not Sie but Ihr?


Well, maybe I can help. I saw on other commentaries here, a guy explaning that way: Here, it is used IHR because the verb DANKE requires dative cases, but why?

Well, there are four cases (as far as I know) in German: Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive. Until this lesson, you might have seen Nominative and Accusative, but in this sentence, we have a Dative.

So, what's the difference between Accusative and Dative? Well, the way I understood is that Accusative cases is when somebody makes something towards something/somebody, like "Sie essen den Apfel". The man is eating (making something) the apple (towards the apple). The Dative cases, is when somebody/something RECEIVES something from another somebody, like this exercise "Ich danke ihr." You are thanking her for something, she is receiving your thanks.

Was it good? Hope I did not mixed it all up.


Estevao, great explanation. I normally think of the accusative as having a "direct" action on the object i.e. the subject is performing an action on a direct object (also known as transitive vs intransitive). This usually means that the verb requires a direct object, otherwise the sentence would sound awkward. "Sie essen" alone sounds funny: "You eat." You have to eat something in order for the sentence to be complete.

However, "sagen" "danken" "helfen" are all intransitive i.e. they do not require a direct object, nor do they have an effect on any object.

Schlagen - to hit - transitive Laufen- to walk - intransitive


Thanks, this helped me understand :)


Becuase you are saying thanks "to" her. So it could be translated as "I give thanks to her.". That's an easy way of remembering it.


Is it not possible to say "Ich ihr danke"?


Verb needs to be in the second position.


I still do not understand. I thought 'ihr' means you, plural, not her.


Well, many, if not most, words have more than one meaning.


can someone provide a link to a good table showing why ihr is the dative form of her - I understand why its dative, but how can I remember that dative means ihr.


Why ich danke ihnen wrong ?


Because you are formally saying I thank 'you' not I thank 'her'


what would be the difference between "Ich danke ihr" and "Ich dank ihr". Are they both correct?


"Dank" is missing the conjugation. Verbs always have a thing at the end that changes according to the number of people doing the action and if they include the speaker or not. Ich danke. Wir danken. Du dankst. Er dankt.


I wrote "Ich bedanke mich bei ihr" which also has to be correct, I suppose. Can anybody tell me why it's not?


Yes, the little Collins German Grammar is vey helpful.


ich bedanke ihr ??


So im assuming this is accusitive? because I am accusing onto her by thanking her. Take that in note i guess.

[deactivated user]

    Incorrect, 'danken' always takes the dative.

    [deactivated user]

      Can 'ihr' refer to a man OR woman?


      No. This version is only used for a feminin person. Masculine version is: Ich danke ihm.


      Does this mean that "Danke" is the shortened version of "Ich danke dir"??


      That means "her (something that is feminine)", for example ihre Mutter = ""her mother". Using "her" as a possessive determiner uses a different word in German than "her" as a personal pronoun. Words often don't translate 1:1 between languages, especially when using them in different contexts.


      What's the difference between ihr and ihre?


      The better thing to do to recognize the case ( Dative or Accusative) is to make the following questions to each case:

      ' Ich gebe ihnem Hund den Apfel'

      Dative: WHAT is being given?

      The apple

      Accusative: TO WHOM is the apple being given?

      To his dog

      So, we know apple takes DER, which is DEN in the accusative form

      Dog also takes DER, which is DEM in the Dative form

      'Ich gebe ihnEM Hund deN Apfel'

      I'm portuguese, so if you find any mistakes feel free to correct me


      Aw man, I fell into the accusative trap. But if I stretch the sentence out, then yeah, makes sense "I give my thanks to her" Always be stretchin.

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