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https://www.duolingo.com/JoelleNadzan

Last names in Russian?

I read on Wikipedia about adding -ova to female last names, but I have no idea if it's only for married women or for children? Or is it women in general? :o

1 year ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Kundoo
Kundoo
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You don't actually add -ova, but just -a to indicate that this is feminine, while "-ov" is just the part of the surname that indicates that this is the possessive. Russian surnames initially were possessive nouns that described to which family this or that person belonged. It aswers the question "Чей ты?"/"Чья ты?".

There are other endings to the Russian sunames that change with the gender of the bearer:

  • -ev/-eva (Медведев - Медведева)
  • -in/-ina (Мухин - Мухина)
  • -iy/-aya (Петровский - Петровская)

There is also ending -ykh (Седых) it doesn't change. It is the "answer" to the question "Чьих ты будешь?" - an obsolete idiom.

And of course there are surnames of the foreign origin, they don't change either, because they don't follow the logic I described above.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Diana14283

Ah! Yes, thats right. Thanks for clearing me up on that!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Olja.
Olja.
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A family name will have a stem and an ending. For example, Petr Ivanov's last name has the stem "Ivan" and the ending "ov". Any female in his family (mother, wife, daughter, whatever) would have the name "Ivanova" because you would add the feminine ending "-ova" onto the stem "Ivan". Taking on a husband's name has no bearing on the -ov/-ova ending. This is just a matter of a person's gender. I am Olga (...)ova. My father's full name looks like Alexander (...)ov. My mother and sister are (...)ova and (...)ova :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Maarten666
Maarten666
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Did you cheat or did you realy learn all those languages?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Diana14283

Female Russian last names always end in -ova. This rule applies to all females, married or not. I hope this helps! :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JoelleNadzan

Thank you so much!! I was really confused :o

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlmostSand
AlmostSand
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But Lena Katina (t.A.T.u) does not end in "ova". I noticed that they add "vna" to the name of their father. For example: Her father's name is Sergei Katin, so she is Elena Sergeyevna Katina. Same with Yulia Volkova, her father's name is Oleg Volkov, so her full name is Julia Olegovna Volkova.

Maybe it is about "feminize" the last name?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Enzfj2
Enzfj2
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Such general rule exists in Czech and Slovak: the ending -ova is added to husband's last name, whatever it is: Novák - Nováková, except for adjective types like Čáslavský - Čáslavská. So even if husband's name ends with -ov, -ova is added: Pavlov - Pavlovová !

In Russian it will be -ova only when husband's or father's name ends with -ov, so Pavlov - Pavlova. But the patronimic middle name is made from father's first name with adding suffix -овна or -евна, hence daughter of Pavel has patronimic Pavlovna, regardless of her first and last name.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JoelleNadzan

I just learned something new about my heritage! :o Nadzanová!

Thank you so much!

1 year ago