There are some prominent cities that are translated and some smaller ones that are not. For example, it would be strange to speak about Köln and not Cologne in an English speaking setting. Bayern or Bavaria, which it is in this case, is just one of those translated names.
Thanks for replying to a 2-years old post. The example is not exactly fit, because the most places in the world know Bayern as Bayern (for example from the soccer team). I knew about Bayern and Bavaria for 30 years, hearing them in different contexts, without having any freaking idea about any "connection" between them. But well... this is how we learn...
Edit: anyhow, meantime the problem got fixed, both are accepted now, and if you fill in "greetings from bayern" you get the green, and suggested translation as "greetings from Bavaria", which is a big clap and thumb up to duolingo!
True, we talked about it during German classes at school - you use it both in Bavaria and Austria. :) Just like the word "Erdapfel" und nicht "Kartoffel". :)
I am an Austrian and yes, we say "Grüß Gott", but from it's origins it doesn't mean that you are greeting god, but something like "God may bless you". From Wikipedia https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%BC%C3%9F_Gott: "Die ursprüngliche Bedeutung des Grußes ist „möge dich Gott segnen“ (von mittelhochdeutsch grüezen „grüßen, zuwenden, segnen“. Dies ist aber auch im südlichen deutschen Sprachraum nur sehr wenigen Menschen bekannt". And, well, most people here are roman catholic and some very much so. :) BTW: An old joke goes like this: A hiker walks up a mountain and meets another one coming down. Says the downward going: "Grüß Gott!" Replys the upward bound: "I don't walk that far today."
Yep, the same etymology's on the English Wiktionary: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gr%C3%BC%C3%9F_Gott
"From grüßen from Middle High German grüezen "greet, bless" + dich + Gott; hence “may God bless you”."
I went to https://forvo.com/word/gr%C3%BC%C3%9Fe/#de to listen to the pronunciation of "Grüße" vs "größe". I seem to be completely unable to hear a difference in those two vowel sounds (not just in these words, but any time). The one thing I do hear in those recordings is that the vowel sound in "größe" is of slightly longer duration. Is that a good way of telling the words apart? And more generally, is it a good way of differentiating those two vowel sounds in most cases?