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Interrogative words - Who, What, Where, Why, When, etc.

The following is a very good link that explains some essential Polish grammar:


Does anyone have an easy way to remember and apply these critical interrogative words?

When do you use Co, and when do you use Jaki - to ask "What?"

Thank you. I am working hard on this language but struggling mightily. I do not learn well when I have to master the "terminology" of lanuage, such as "affirmative", "interrogative", "invariable", etc.

March 12, 2017



Does anyone have an easy way to remember and apply these critical interrogative words?

Polish: totally: 7 cases: accusative, dative, genitive, instrumental, locative, nominative, vocative

Polish is thus a highly inflected language, which means some parts of speech such as nouns, verbs, and adjectives take different forms depending on case, tense, or number.

Typically such words (e.g. including 'question words' like what, when, why, who, where, ...) change thus.

My current assessment of having to learn this is probably some form of root learning. So basically learning this by heart.

Similar to German where they have 4 cases, accusative, dative, genitive, nominative. You have to learn the corresponding tables by heart.

There might maybe exist some smart ACRONYMS or MNEMONICS, but not encountered or searched for it explicitly yet.

E.g. repeating (e.g. re-writing) the tables (e.g. short for an examination) a few times might help in temporarily being able to reproduce them exactly.


1) 'Affirmative' is like the default.


You eat an apple.

2) Question sentences in English you form like this:

Do you eat an apple?

So you e.g. in general add 'do' in front.

3) In Russian, Polish, ... you do not do that in general.

You just change the tone of your voice, e.g. stress the last part of the sentence, but keep the structure of the sentence as such the same.

So to ask in Russian, Polish, ... you use similar to this:

You eat an apple?


Thank you for your thoughtful replies. I appreciate the attempt to clarify these concepts.


I think you should invest a bit more of your time learning English before tackling a foreign language, especially if you don't know what "affirmative" or "invariable" means.

Try googling the terms you don't understand, and then I'd associate them with words that have the same root, e.g. to affirm, to vary...

P.S. "Co" means what, whereas "jaki" means which one, what kind of.

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