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https://www.duolingo.com/OjoCho

Question about some Esperanto words

Hi, I have been learning Esperanto on Duolingo. So far, it's been pretty clear, but I don't understand why there are words like "viro", and "viron." They both mean the same thing. Another example is with "ni" and "nin." It seems like all nouns have two forms like this. I do not understand why these words have two versions and how to use them.

Thank You!

1 year ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/StevenWath
StevenWath
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Take a look at the Tips and Notes for the Accusative skill

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OjoCho

Thanks guys!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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-n on a noun/adjective is the accusative case/direct object. Example:

  • Mi donas la knabinon al la virino. - I give the child to the woman

I give- subject and verb

the child- direct object

to the woman- indirect object

To make things easier, most indirect objects have 'to/for' in front of them, so you'll know they're not the direct object.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jzsuzsi
jzsuzsi
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It should be "Mi donas la knabinon al la virino" , isn't it? You don't need the -n ending anymore after "al".

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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Oops :P I haven't done Esperanto in a long long time.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/miestasfern

I know this is besides the point, but knabino means girl. The word for child is infano.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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Yeah my Esperanto is very rusty.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BerberuEsperanto

It's like in English:

He gave me.
I gave hiM.

Two forms depending on (aCausing something) role of the pronouns (not lost in English YET).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KenecxjoGoldberg

Saluton, Ojo Cho! --- Mi amas vi/n; Vi batis mi/n; Ŝi kisis mi/n; Mi amas Esperanto/n! (The letter --n is always added to, what is called in English grammar, the 'direct object.' (the person / thing, receiving the action).... [This allows us to vary the word order, for emphasis, as long as it makes sense!] ---Keneĉjo

1 year ago