Sentences: the subject and the predicate. What are they?

This post is to help anyone who has trouble understanding what the subject and the predicate of a sentence is. :D

Every simple sentence can be divided into two parts. The subject tells you who or what is doing something (the person or thing which the sentence is about):


The predicate tells you what is happening (what is written or said about the subject):

cracked the walnuts

It's easy to divide sentences like this if you follow these steps:

  1. Read the sentence.
    (Alistair cracked the walnuts).
  2. Find the verb (cracked)
  3. Ask the question -- who or what cracked the walnuts? (The answer is the subject -- Alistair.) The rest of the sentence is the predicate. The verb is always in the predicate.

Read the following sentences and tell me the verbs. Ask the question and tell me the subjects. (So I know you understand :)

  1. My grandfather's clock chimes every hour.
  2. Both Mum and Dad have gold watches.
  3. The Babylonians divided an hour into sixty minutes.
  4. Suddenly the earth stood still.
  5. Silently the eagle touched down.

Note: Be careful, the subject is not always found at the beginning of a sentence, it can also be in the middle or at the end. If it were always in the same place what we say and write would sound very boring!

These all mean the same thing:

The aeroplane flew over the mountains.
Over the mountains the aeroplane flew.
Over the mountains flew the aeroplane.

Hope this helps! ;)

And tell me if there's anything wrong in the post -- grammatical error, spelling mistake, etc. . Thanks :)

March 17, 2017


I had an English teacher who was fond of this sentence:

Throw the cow, over the fence, some hay.

March 17, 2017

I can actually not believe this has been downvoted :(

March 18, 2017

I upvoted. It's very helpful! I dunno what's wrong with it........

March 18, 2017

It's because most people take this for granted because this stuff is learned in elementary school. The thing is, lots of high schoolers don't know how to spell, let alone diagram their sentences, so that's why so many people have found it helpful. There's sort of a "grammary" and "non-grammary" variable. Still, that's no excuse for people who think this stuff is a no-brainer - they can just ignore it.

But I agree with you =)

March 19, 2017


1: verb: chimes
Subject : clock

2: verb: have
Subject: mum and Dad

3: verb: divided
Subject : the Babylonians (???)

And um I'm actually not sure XDDDDD

March 18, 2017

I'm not saying anymore cause I wouldn't want anyone to copy off me XD

March 18, 2017

Great work! All are correct. :D

March 20, 2017

Thx ;)

March 20, 2017


March 17, 2017

My pleasure :D

March 18, 2017
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