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in simple, not the gender of the possesor but the gender of the pronoun of the possessor changes as of the gender of the object being possessed.
el gato is mio.
el gato(the cat) is object of possession.
mio is possessive pronoun.
whoever be the possessor of the object either male or female, the possessive pronoun changes according to the gender of the object being possessed.
for instance: i am male ,possessing a female cat.
in español it would be
la gata es mia.
for ,male cats being possessed by female person
los gatos son mios
Not the gender of the person, but rather the gender of the thing possessed (which makes sense because it is a pronoun). So, if the object is masculine, the pronoun changes accordingly. This also happens if it is a plural object - pronoun becomes plural: Los lápices no son míos
It goes before the verb.
I do not want to sing - No quiero cantar
My dog is not red - Mi perro no es rojo
She does not eat the apple that is on the table - Ella no come la manzana que está en la mesa
Of course, although it is a rule, there is an exception. After things like "I don't like", it goes before "me" and "te".
I do not like red doors - No me gustan las puertas rojas
You do not like insects - No te gustan los insectos
Hope that helps.