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https://www.duolingo.com/Neo15161

Grammar Question Dopełniacz Negation

I have question, maybe someone can help. well, Dopełniacz is used for (as far as i can conclude from what I have seen) negation of sentences which are without the negation in Biernik among other things, of course. Are those sentences correct? ( w domu is Miejscownik of course. )

Adam jest w domu . Kto jest w domu?
Adam nie jest w domu . Kogo nie ma w domu? alboKto jest w domu?` this one most likely

Adama nie ma w domu? Kogo nie ma w domu ?

Is Adam changed because nie ma is refering to Adam? and mieć usually goes with Biernik, therefore here is used Dopełniacz. So Adam kind of functions as an Object not as a Subject? Kind of hard to explain this in english. i am native german speaker and we have also the Accusative case which is kind of like Biernik , so it is easier to explain polish while referring to German grammar rather than to english. German grammar has more varierty like polish one does as well. See, in german there is also verb for this meaning nie ma , and in this case Adam would functions as an Object and it would go with Biernik Accusative) while it would be the subject. Is this the same thing here? But using the aquivalent word for nie jest in german would not require Accuastive, and adam would functions as an Subject and the case Mianownik is used. therefore I guess in polish it will also not require Dopełniacz. I hope you understand what i am asking about.

I know native speakers do not really think about it and you do not really learn when to use different cases, because you already know it naturally . Same goes with me in german.

Sincerely , Neo out of the Matrix.

1 year ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jellei
Jellei
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Yes, that seems correct :)

"Adama nie ma w domu" -> I don't think this sentence even has a subject. Yes, I'd say that Adam is an object.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Neo15161

Alright, thank you. I am just used from english or german that the Subject always stands in front of the sentence.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Enzfj2
Enzfj2
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Nie jest requires nominative Adam nie jest w domu - correct grammatically but normally they use nie ma, and nie ma is used with genitive (kogo?) Adama nie ma w domu , also Nie ma (czego?) piwa

1 year ago