"I am a girl."
Translation:Ich bin ein Mädchen.
Ich bin eine Madchen????? Why ein, not eine??? Eine is for femiluar, or not???
All the words ending with diminutives like "chen" or "lein" are neuter... German is so difficult! :D
A suffix added to a word that makes it refer to something little. In spanish, there's auto (car) and autito (little car). There, 'ito' is the diminutive. I think there aren't any in english.
Yes there are some in English-many borrowed from other languages. For instance duckling is a baby duck. A nice article is here:http://www.dailywritingtips.com/50-diminutive-suffixes-and-a-cute-little-prefix/
In Spanish you can make a diminutive most of the words, but no all of them make sense "autito" is one of those
So that means 'das' (as in 'das Mädchen') is neutral/plural and not just plural, or is it far more confusing than that?
Yes, exactly. It's "eine Frau" (feminine) and "ein Fräulein" (neuter). "Fräulein" (literally: little woman, i.e. Miss) is neuter because it ends in the diminutive suffix "-lein".
Note that the word "Fräulein" has become old-fashioned in the past two decades; nowadays, both married and unmarried women are referred to as "Frau", e.g. "Das ist Frau Maier" (That is Ms. Maier). Today, the word "Fräulein" is sometimes still used when people are scolding very young girls, though.
:) Yes, there are many different spellings (Maier, Mayer, Meyer, Meier ...). It's one of the most common German surnames. For the spelling "Maier" alone, there are 36,970 entries in the German telephone directory.
Eine is for feminim , but Mädchen is neuter . The meaning says in german nothing.
"Der, das, die" and "ein, eine" are used depending on the gender of the word. Masculine words take "der" and "ein." Neuter words take "das" and "ein." Feminine words take "die" and "eine." Plurals are always "die" or omitted (no article is used).
Note that the gender of the word does not have to match the gender of the object the word means. Girl, Mädchen, is neuter because of the ending of the word, -chen is always neuter and so it takes the definite article "das." Likewise, newspaper, Zeitung, is feminine because the ending -ung is always feminine and so it takes "die."
Why do we use the article here? When identifying occupation or nationality (Ich bin Musiker/Ich bin Deutscher) we don't use an article, right? Is this a quirk of "Mädchen" or is there a larger class of words for which an article should be used?
Normally, singular countable nouns are accompanied by an article. As you said, there are some exceptions and one of them pertains to nouns that indicate occupation, geographical origins, religion or political and ideological affiliations. Words such as girl, boy, man or woman do not belong to this special group, so they are accompanied by an article.
PS: Even within the exceptional group of nouns I mentioned, an article can be used in some contexts. For example, "Er ist Clown" means that he works as a clown, whereas "Er ist ein Clown" means that he is like a clown, i.e. he likes fooling around. For this reason, Kennedy's famous statement "Ich bin ein Berliner" was grammatically correct and not misunderstood by Germans at the time. He did not literally come from Berlin, but wanted to express his solidarity with the citizens of Berlin after the Berlin Wall had been built.
In some regions of Germany, the word "Berliner" does not only refer to a person from Berlin, but also to a kind of doughnut. The story goes that by adding an article, Kennedy inadvertently said "I am a doughnut" instead of "I am a person from Berlin". This story is a myth that did not originate in Germany. Hardly any Germans know about it.
Why is it 'ein', not 'einen'? I would assume the latter because 'das' is neuter but then again German is weird.
Exactly! Why is it not 'einen'? And then, what is 'einen' for? :)
[30 minutes later] according to Wikipedia, 'einen' is the "masculine accusative" form of the indefinite article. So it is a trap in the translation help/tooltip, and we walked into it. :-)
1.) No, it's not the direct object; it's a so-called predicate noun. Predicate nouns occur after verbs such as "sein" (to be) and "werden" (to become).
I hit a girl. ("A girl" is the direct object, it's the "victim" of the action. The subject (=I) and the direct object (= a girl) are two different people.)
I am a girl. ("A girl" is a predicate noun. The subject (= I) and the predicate noun (= a girl) are one and the same person.)
In German, the nominative case is used for the subject and for predicate nouns.
2.) For almost all direct objects, the accusative case is used in German.
Indefinite articles (=a/an)
Masculine nouns: ein (nominative); einen (accusative)
Feminine nouns: eine (nominative and accusative)
Neuter nouns: ein (nominative and accusattive)
The word "Mädchen" (girl) is grammatically neuter, so even if it were the direct object (accusative case), the article would still be "ein". "Einen" is only used with masculine nouns.
because Eine(Die) article use for feminin..like for Frau. and Ein(Das) use for nutural Like Madchen,Buch,Geld
I can type an umlaut on my computer but not when I am using the phone app. I get it correct but with a note about being xareful about accents. How do I type the umlaut?
How do I use an umlaut on a chrome keyboard I have a US model and have no idea how to spell properly
If you're using the website, there should be buttons with accented letters underneath the text entry field.
If you're using the mobile app, you should be able to make accented letters by long-pressing the base letter, e.g. long-press a to get ä (and á à ã ...), and long-press s to get ß.
I am not a master of German but wasn't it eine Mädchen? If I'm not correct please enlight me.
When do you use "bist" versus "bin" to refer to the subject? I notice for "Frau", it uses both depending on the sentence. Help me, please!!!
When do you use "bist" versus "bin" to refer to the subject?
Depends on the subject.
ich bin = I am
du bist = you are
er ist, sie ist, es ist = he/she/it is
wir sind = we are
ihr seid = you are - several people
sie sind = they are
So use bist when the subject is du and use bin when the subject is ich.