"The roots are entering the house!"
Translation:Mizizi inaingia nyumbani!
Ok guys, for those who feel as shocked and frustrated as me here (one month ago) look at this explanation:
Everything is still the same as we learned it. Nothing is wrong. The verb kuingia - to enter still conjugates as we have learned it:
(mimi) ninaingia - I enter
(wewe) unaingia - You enter
(yeye) anaingia - he/she enters
(sisi) tunaingia - we enter
(ninyi) mnaingia - you enter
(wao) wanaingia - they enter
What we were not told and maybe did not notice is:
This is only for persons and animals. All professions and living beings are part of or associated to the M/Wa class.
We did not use so far 'things' as the subject of our verbs.
Now we are starting to do so. Things can ONLY BE 3 PERSON SINGULAR OR PLURAL. So only this two forms change for non animates.
anaingia and wanaingia
Let's look at what exactly are those forms we had so far
a - suffix for 3 sg in M/Wa class
na - present tense marker
wa - suffix for 3 pl in M/Wa class
na - present tense marker
So,now that we use nouns providing from different classes than the M/Wa only this first part has to change according to the class of the noun that is our subject.
There are the following options for prefixes:
M/Mi class: u- (sg) i- (pl)
Ki/Vi class: ki- (sg) vi-(pl)
N/N class: i- (sg) zi- pl)
U/N class: u- (sg) zi- (pl)
Ji/Ma class: li-(sg) ya- (pl)
Let's have an example for each and I will stick to the verb kuingia whether it makes sense or not, so we can observe the change on one verb.Remember we keep the present Tense marker -na and the stem -ingia unchanged (-naingia)
Mzizi unaingia - The root enters.
Mizizi inaingia - The roots enter.
Kichwa kinaingia. - The head enters.
Vichwa vinaingia. - The heads enter.
Shida inaingia - The problem enters.
Shida zinaingia. - The problems enter.
upepo unaingia- The wind enters.
pepo zinaingia - The winds enter.
jino linaingia - The tooth enters.
meno yanaingia- The teeth enter.
Disclaimer. I am not a national. I am only a learner here and might have made mistakes or misunderstood things. So please nationals correct me if I am mistaken.
Thanks for the detailed explanation! I had been thrown off by the inanimate noun classes before this.
I should frame this and pin at the wall because its so helpful. Thanks a lot.
I get the impression that there is some grammar explanation missing on this lesson. Or is it coming later? Apparently the noun classes seem to change the verb forms, but I don't see any explanation...
Because mizizi is an M/Mi noun. The subject prefix is u- for the singular (M) and i- for the plural (Mi). Wa- is only a plural subject prefix for M/Wa class nouns.